Publications related to EISCAT and IMAGE magnetometer networks

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Lockwood, M., A.D. Farmer, H.J. Opgenoorth and S.R. Crothers, 1984: EISCAT observations of plasma convection and the high-latitude, winter F-region during substorm activity. J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 46, 489-499.

Lühr, H., N. Klöcker and S. Thürey, 1984: Ground-based observations of a very intense substorm-related pulsation event. J. Geophys., 55, 41-53.

Lühr, H., S. Thürey and N. Klöcker, 1984: The EISCAT-Magnetometer Cross. Operational Aspects-First Results. Geophys. Surv., 6, 305-315.


Klöcker, N., H. Lühr, A. Korth and P. Robert, 1985: Observation of kinetic Alfvén waves excited at substorm onset. J. Geophys., 57, 65-71.

Misra, K.D., E. Nielsen and H. Lühr, 1985: STARE and SABRE Observations of a Pc 5 Pulsation With Large Azimuthal Wave Number During a Storm Period. J. Geophys. Res., 90, 10923-10934.


Wilkinson, P.J., E. Nielsen and H. Lühr, 1986: Ionospheric Conductances: Associations Between Ionospheric E Region Electric Fields and Ground Magnetometer Variations. J. Geophys. Res., 91, 5839-5849.


Baumjohann, W., N. Sckopke, J. LaBelle, B. Klecker, H. Lühr and K.H. Glassmeier, 1987: Plasma and Field Observations of a Compressional Pc 5 Wave Event. J. Geophys. Res., 92, 12203-12212.


Buchert, S., W. Baumjohann, G. Haerendel, C. La Hoz and H. Lühr, 1988: Magnetometer and incoherent scatter observations of an intense Ps 6 pulsation event. J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 50, 357-367.

Lühr, H. and S. Buchert, 1988: Observational Evidence for a Link between Currents in the Geotail and in the Auroral Ionosphere. Ann. Geophys., 6, 169-175.

Nielsen, E., C. Senior and H. Lühr, 1988: Ionospheric Hall Conductivity Deduced From Ground-Based Measurements. J. Geophys. Res., 93, 4125-4130.

Richmond, A.D., Y. Kamide, B.-H. Ahn, S.-I. Akasofu, D. Alcaydé, M. Blanc, O. de la Beaujardiére, D.S. Evans, J.C. Foster, E. Friis-Christensen, T.J. Fuller-Rowell, J.M. Holt, D. Knipp, H.W. Kroehl, R.P. Lepping, R.J. Pellinen, C. Senior and A. Zaitzev, 1988: Mapping electrodynamic features of the high-latitude ionosphere from localized observations: combined incoherentscatter radar and magnetometer measurements for January 18-19, 1984. J. Geophys. Res., 93, 5760-5776.

Williams, P.J.S., G. Crowley, K. Schlegel, T.S. Virdi, I. Mccrea, G. Watkins, N. Wade, J.K. Hargreaves, T. Lachlan-Cope, H. Muller, J.E. Baldwin, P. Warner, A.P. van Eyken, M.A. Hapgood and A.S. Rodger, 1988: The generation and propagation of atmospheric gravity waves observed during the Worldwide Atmospheric Gravity-wave Study (WAGS). J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 50, 323-338.


Araki, T., K. Schlegel and H. Lühr, 1989: Geomagnetic Effects of the Hall and Pedersen Current Flowing in the Auroral Ionosphere J. Geophys. Res., 94, 17185-17199.

Häkkinen, L., C. Sucksdorff and R. Pirjola, 1989: EISCAT Magnetometer Cross and Theoretical Studies Connected with the Electrojet Current System. Geophysica, 25, 123-134.

Korja, T., S.-E. Hjelt, P. Kaikkonen, K. Koivukoski, T.M. Rasmussen and R.G. Roberts, 1989: The geoelectric model of the POLAR Profile, Northern Finland. Tectonophysics, 162, 113-133.

Opgenoorth, H.J., B. Bromage, D. Fontaine, C. La Hoz, A. Huuskonen, H. Kohl, U.-P. Løvhaug, G. Wannberg, G. Gustafsson, J.S. Murphree, L. Eliasson, G. Marklund, T.A. Potemra, S. Kirkwood, E. Nielsen and J.-E. Wahlund, 1989: Coordinated observations with EISCAT and the Viking satellite: The decay of a westward travelling surge. Ann. Geophys., 7, 470-500.

Potemra, T.A., H. Lühr, L.J. Zanetti, K. Takahashi, R.E. Erlandson, G.T. Marklund, L.P. Block, L.G. Blomberg and R.P. Lepping, 1989: Multisatellite and Ground-Based Observations of Transient ULF Waves. J. Geophys. Res., 94, 2543-2554.

Taylor, M. J., G. Chisham and D. Orr, 1989: Pulsating auroral forms and their association with geomagnetic giant pulsations. Planet. Space Sci., 37, 1477-1481, 1483-1484.


Buchert, S., G. Haerendel and W. Baumjohann, 1990: A Model for the Electric Fields and Currents During a Strong Ps 6 Pulsation Event. J. Geophys. Res., 95, 3733-3743.

Chisham, G., D. Orr, M.J. Taylor and H. Lühr, 1990: The magnetic and optical signature of a Pg pulsation. Planet. Space Sci., 38, 1443-1456.

Lopez, R.E., H. Lühr, B.J. Anderson, P.T. Newell and R.W. Mcentire, 1990: Multipoint Observations of a Small Substorm. J. Geophys. Res., 95, 18897-18912.

Lühr, H., W. Baumjohann and T.A. Potemra, 1990: The AMPTE Lithium release in the solar wind: A possible trigger for geomagnetic pulsations. Geophys. Res. Lett., 17, 2301-2304.

Pellinen, R. J., H.E.J. Koskinen, T.I. Pulkkinen, J.S. Murphree, G. Rostoker and H.J. Opgenoorth, 1990: Satellite and Ground-Based Observations of a Fading Transpolar Arc. J. Geophys. Res., 95, 5817-5824.

Richmond, A.D., Y. Kamide, S.-I. Akasofu, D. Alcaydé, M. Blanc, O. de la Beaujardiére, D.S. Evans, J.C. Foster, E. Friis-Christensen, J.M. Holt, R.J. Pellinen, C. Senior and A. Zaitzev, 1990: Global Measures of Ionospheric Electrodynamic Activity Inferred From Combined Incoherent Scatter Radar and Ground Magnetometer Observations. J. Geophys. Res., 95, 1061-1071.

Sandahl, I., L. Eliasson, A. Pellinen-Wannberg, G. Rostoker, L.P. Block, R.E. Erlandson, E. Friis-Christensen, B. Jacobsen, H. Lühr and J.S. Murphree, 1990: Distribution of Auroral Precipitation at Midnight During a Magnetic Storm. J. Geophys. Res., 95, 6051-6072.

Warnecke, J., H. Lühr and K. Takahashi, 1990: Observational features of field line resonances excited by solar wind pressure variations on 4 September 1984. Planet. Space Sci., 38, 1517-1531.

Yeoman, T. K., M. Lester, D. Orr and H. Lühr, 1990: Ionospheric boundary conditions of hydromagnetic waves: the dependence on azimuthal wavenumber and a case study. Planet. Space Sci., 38, 1315-1325.

Yumoto, K., K. Takahashi, T. Sakurai, P. R. Sutcliffe, S. Kokubun, H. Lühr, T. Saito, M. Kuwashima and N. Sato, 1990: Multiple Ground-Based and Satellite Observations of Global Pi 2 Magnetic Pulsations. J. Geophys. Res., 95, 15175-15184.


Chisham, G. and D. Orr, 1991: Statistical studies of giant pulsations (Pgs) - harmonic mode. Planet. Space Sci., 39, 999-1006.

Kotikov, A.L., B.D. Bolotynskaya, V.A. Gizler, O.A. Troshichev, A.B. Pashin and V.R. Tagirov, 1991: Structure of auroral zone phenomena from the data of meridional chains of stations: magnetic disturbances in the nighttime auroral zone and auroras. J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 53, 265-274.


Chisham, G., D. Orr and T.K. Yeoman, 1992: Observations of a giant pulsation across an extended array of ground magnetometers and on auroral radar. Planet. Space Sci., 40, 953-964.

Sutcliffe, P.R. and E. Nielsen, 1992: The Ionospheric Signature of Pi 2 Pulsations Observed by STARE. J. Geophys. Res., 97, 10621-10636.

Takahashi, K., N. Sato, J. Warnecke, H. Lühr, H.E. Spence and Y. Tonegawa, 1992: On the standing wave mode of giant pulsations. J. Geophys. Res., 97, 10,717-10,732.

Yeoman, T. K., T. Mao, M. Lester and T. B. Jones, 1992: A study of Pc5 hydromagnetic waves with equatorward phase propagation. Planet. Space Sci., 40, 797-810.


Aikio, A.T., H.J. Opgenoorth, M.A.L. Persson and K.U. Kaila, 1993: Ground-based measurements of an arc-associated electric field. J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 55, 797-808.

Koskinen, H.E.J., R.E. Lopez, R.J. Pellinen, T.I. Pulkkinen, D.N. Baker and T. Bösinger, 1993: Pseudobreakup and Substorm Growth Phase in the Ionosphere and Magnetosphere. J. Geophys. Res., 98, 5801-5813.

Lester, M., O. de la Beaujardiére, J.C. Foster, M.P. Freeman, H. Lühr, J.M. Ruohoniemi and W. Swider, 1993: The response of the large scale ionospheric convection pattern to changes in the IMF and substorms: Results from the SUNDIAL 1987 campaign. Ann. Geophys., 11, 556-571.

Lopez, R. E., H. E. J. Koskinen, T.I. Pulkkinen, T. Bösinger, R.W. Mcentire and T.A. Potemra, 1993: Simultaneous Observation of the Poleward Expansion of Substorm Electrojet Activity and the Tailward Expansion of Current Sheet Disruption in the Near-Earth Magnetotail. J. Geophys. Res., 98, 9285-9295.

Lühr, H., W. Blawert and H. Todd, 1993: The ionospheric plasma flow and current patterns of travelling convection vortices: a case study. J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 55, 1717-1727.

Vogelsang, H., H. Lühr, H. Voelker, J. Woch, T. Bösinger, T.A. Potemra and P.-A. Lindqvist, 1993: An ionospheric travelling convection vortex event observed by ground-based magnetometers and by Viking. Geophys. Res. Lett., 20, 2343-2346.

Williams, P.J.S., T.S. Virdi, R.V. Lewis, M. Lester, A.S. Rodger, I.W. Mccrea and K.S.C. Freeman, 1993: World-wide atmospheric gravity-wave study in the European sector 1985-1990. J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 55, 683-696.


Lühr, H., 1994: The IMAGE Magnetometer Network. STEP International, 4, No. 10, 4-6.

Lühr, H. and W. Blawert, 1994: Ground signatures of travelling convection vortices. Solar Wind Sources of Magnetospheric ULF Waves, Eds. Engebretsen, Takahashi and Scholer. AGU Geophys. Monograph, 81, 231-.

Lühr, H., H. Geisler and K. Schlegel, 1994: Current Density Models of the Eastward Electrojet Derived from Ground-Based Magnetic Field and Radar Measurements. J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 56, 81-91.

Lühr, H. and K. Schlegel, 1994: Combined measurements of EISCAT and the EISCAT magnetometer cross to study omega bands. J. Geophys. Res., 99, 8951-8959.

McDiarmid, D. R., T.K. Yeoman, I.F. Grant, W. Allan, 1994: Simultaneous observation of a traveling vortex structure in the morning sector and a field line resonance in the postnoon sector. J. Geophys. Res., 99, 8891-8904.

Sato, M., Y. Kamide, A.D. Richmond, A. Brekke and S. Nozawa, 1994: Regional estimation of electric fields and currents in the polar ionosphere. Geophys. Res. Lett., 22, 283-286.

Vo, H.B., J.S. Murphree, R.D. Elphinstone, R.C. Elphic, E. Friis-Christensen, H. Lühr and D.G. Sibeck, 1994: Multipoint observations of a dayside transient event. J. Geophys. Res., 99, 13409-13423.

Yeoman, T.K., H. Lühr, R.W.H. Friedel, S. Coles, M. Grandé, C.H. Perry, M. Lester, P.N. Smith, H.J. Singer and D. Orr, 1994: CRRES/Ground-based multi-instrument observations of an interval of substorm activity. Ann. Geophys., 12, 1158-1173.


Ahn, B.-H., Y. Kamide, H.W. Kroehl, M. Candidi and J.S. Murphree, 1995: Substorm changes of the electrodynamic quantities in the polar ionosphere: CDAW 9. J. Geophys. Res., 100, 23845-23856.

Amm, O., 1995: Direct determination of the local ionospheric Hall conductance distribution from two-dimensional electric and magnetic field data: Application of the method using models of typical ionospheric electrodynamic situations. J. Geophys. Res., 100, 21473-21488.

Cramoysan, M., R. Bunting and D. Orr, 1995: The use of a model current wedge in the determination of the position of substorm current models. Ann. Geophys., 13, 583-594.

Fagundes, P.R., A.L. Aruliah, D. Rees and J.A. Bittencourt, 1995: Gravity wave generation and propagation during geomagnetic storms over Kiruna (67.8o N, 20.4o E). Ann. Geophys., 13, 358-366.

Gazey, N.G.J., M. Lockwood, P.N. Smith, S. Coles, R.J. Bunting, M. Lester, A.D. Aylward, T.K. Yeoman and H. Lühr, 1995: Development of substorm cross-tail current disruption as seen from the ground. J. Geophys. Res., 100(A6), 9633-9648, doi:10.1029/94JA02322.

Janhunen, P., T.I. Pulkkinen and K. Kauristie, 1995: Auroral fading in ionosphere-magnetosphere coupling model: Implications for possible mechanisms. Geophys. Res. Lett., 22, 2049-2052.

Kauristie, K., 1995: Statistical fits for auroral oval boundaries during the substorm sequence. J. Geophys. Res., 100, 21885-21895.

Kauristie, K., T.I. Pulkkinen, R.J. Pellinen, P. Janhunen, A. Huuskonen, A. Viljanen, H.J. Opgenoorth, W.J. Heikkila and D.N. Baker, 1995: Analysis of the Substorm Trigger Phase Using Multiple Ground-Based Instrumentation. Geophys. Res. Lett., 22, 2065-2068.

Lester, M., M. Lockwood, T.K. Yeoman, S.W.H. Cowley, H. Lühr, R. Bunting and C.J. Farrugia, 1995: The response of ionospheric convection in the polar cap to substorm activity. Ann. Geophys., 13, 147-158.

Lui, A.T.Y., R.D. Elphinstone, J.S. Murphree, M.G. Henderson, H.B. Vo, L.L. Cogger, H. Lühr, S. Ohtani, P.T. Newell and G.D. Reeves, 1995: Special features of a substorm during high solar wind dynamic pressure. J. Geophys. Res., 100, 19095-19107.

Morelli, J.P., R.J. Bunting, S.W.H. Cowley, C.J. Farrugia, M.P. Freeman, E. Friis-Christensen, G.O.L. Jones, M. Lester, R.V. Lewis, H. Lühr, D. Orr, M. Pinnock, G.D. Reeves, P.J.S. Williams, T.K. Yeoman, 1995: Radar observations of auroral zone flows during a multiple-onset substorm. Ann. Geophys., 13, 1144-1163.

Sato, M. and Y. Kamide, 1995: Estimate of Global and Regional Distributions of Ionospheric Electrodynamic Quantities from EISCAT Radar and Ground Magnetometer Data. J. Geomag. Geoelectr., 47, 759-770.

Viljanen, A., K. Kauristie and K. Pajunpää, 1995: On induction effects at EISCAT and IMAGE magnetometer stations. Geophys. J. Int., 121, 893-906.

Viljanen, A. and L. Szarka, 1995: Analogue model studies of induction effects at auroral latitudes. Ann. Geophys., 13, 1187-1196.

Yahnin, A., E. Titova, A. Lubchich, T. Bösinger, J. Manninen, T. Turunen, T. Hansen, O. Troshichev and A. Kotikov, 1995: Dayside high latitude magnetic impulsive events: their characteristics and relationship to sudden impulses. J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 57, 1569-1582.


Aikio, A.T. and K.U. Kaila, 1996: A substorm observed by EISCAT and other ground-based instruments - evidence for near-earth substorm initiation. J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 58, 5-21.

Amm, O., 1996: Improved electrodynamic modeling of an omega band and analysis of its current system. J. Geophys. Res., 101, 2677-2683.

Bösinger, T., K. Kaila, R. Rasinkangas, P. Pollari, J. Kangas, V. Trakhtengerts, A. Demekhov and T. Turunen, 1996: An EISCAT study of a pulsating auroral arc: simultaneous ionospheric electron density, auroral luminosity and magnetic field pulsations. J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 58, 23-35.

Chisham, G., 1996: Giant pulsations: An explanation for their rarity and occurrence during geomagnetically quiet times. J. Geophys. Res., 101, 24755-24763.

Foster, C. and M. Lester, 1996: Observations of nightside auroral plasma upflows in the F-region and topside ionosphere. Ann. Geophys., 14, 1274-1283.

Frey, H.U., G. Haerendel, S. Buchert and B.S. Lanchester, 1996: Auroral-arc splitting by intrusion of a new convection channel. Ann. Geophys., 14, 1257-1264.

Frey, H.U., G. Haerendel, D. Knudsen, S. Buchert and O.H. Bauer, 1996: Optical and radar observations of the motion of auroral arcs. J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 58, 57-69.

Henderson, M.G., G.D. Reeves and R.D. Belian, 1996: Observations of magnetospheric substorms occurring with no apparent solar wind/IMF trigger. J. Geophys. Res., 101, 10773-10791.

Kauristie, K., T.I. Pulkkinen, R.J. Pellinen and H.J. Opgenoorth, 1996: What can we tell about global auroral-electrojet activity from a single meridional magnetometer data? Ann. Geophys., 14, 1177-1185.

Kikuchi, T., H. Lühr, T. Kitamura, O. Saka and K. Schlegel, 1996: Direct penetration of the polar electric field to the equator during a DP 2 event as detected by the auroral and equatorial magnetometer chains and the EISCAT radar. J. Geophys. Res., 101, 17161-17173.

Lester, M., J.A. Davies and T.S. Virdi, 1996: High-latitude Hall and Pedersen conductances during substorm activity in the SUNDIAL-ATLAS campaign. J. Geophys. Res., 101, 26719-26728.

Lu, G., B.A. Emery, A.S. Rodger, M. Lester, J.R. Taylor, D.S. Evans, J.M. Ruohoniemi, W.F. Denig, O. de la Beaujardiére, R.A. Frahm, J.D. Winningham and D.L. Chenette, 1996: High-latitude ionospheric electrodynamics as determined by the assimilative mapping of ionospheric electrodynamics procedure for the conjunctive SUNDIAL/ATLAS 1/GEM period of March 28-29, 1992. J. Geophys. Res., 101, 26697-26718.

Lühr, H., M. Lockwood, P.E. Sandholt, T.L. Hansen and T. Moretto, 1996: Multi-instrument ground-based observations of a travelling convection vortices event. Ann. Geophys., 14, 162-181.

Olsson, A., M.A.L. Persson, H.J. Opgenoorth and S. Kirkwood, 1996: Particle precipitation in auroral breakups and westward traveling surges. J. Geophys. Res., 101, 24661-24673.

Petrinec, S.M., K. Yumoto, H. Lühr, D. Orr, D. Milling, K. Hayashi, S. Kokubun and T. Araki, 1996: The CME Event of February 21, 1994: Response of the Magnetic Field at the Earth's Surface. J. Geomag. Geoelectr., 48, 1341-1379.

Sergeev, V., A. Aikio, T. Bösinger, A. Brekke, L. Häkkinen, J. Kangas, R. Pellinen and P. Pollari, 1996: Nighttime patterns of ionospheric convection, conductance, horizontal and field-aligned currents during a steady magnetospheric convection event. J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 50, 323-338.

Viljanen, A., 1996: Source Effect on Geomagnetic Induction Vectors in the Fennoscandian Auroral Region. J. Geomag. Geoelectr., 48, 1001-1009.

Yamauchi, M., R. Lundin, K. Mursula, G. Marklund and T. A. Potemra, 1996: Dayside Pc5 pulsation detected by Viking ion data at L=4. Geophys. Res. Lett., 23, 2517-2520.

Yeoman, T.K. and M. Pinnock, 1996: The high latitude convection response to an interval of substorm activity. Ann. Geophys., 14, 518-532.

Øieroset, M., H. Lühr, J. Moen, T. Moretto and P.E. Sandholt, 1996: Dynamical auroral morphology in relation to ionospheric plasma convection and geomagnetic activity: Signatures of magnetopause X line dynamics and flux transfer events. J. Geophys. Res., 101, 13275-13292.


Araki, T., S. Fujitani, M. Emoto, K. Yumoto, K. Shiokawa, T. Ichinose, H. Lühr, D. Orr, D.K. Milling, H. Singer, G. Rostoker, S. Tsunomura, Y. Yamada and C.F. Liu, 1997: Anomalous sudden commencement on March 24, 1991. J. Geophys. Res., 102, 14075-14086.

Blanchard, G.T., L.R. Lyons and O. de la Beaujardiére, 1997: Magnetotail reconnection rate during magnetospheric substorms. J. Geophys. Res., 102, 24303-24312.

Bradshaw, E.G. and M. Lester, 1997: SABRE observations of Pi2 pulsations: case studies. Ann. Geophys., 15, 40-53.

Chisham, G., I.R. Mann and D. Orr, 1997: A statistical study of giant pulsation latitudinal polarization and amplitude variation. J. Geophys. Res., 102, 9619-9629.

Feldstein, Y.I., A. Grafe, L.I. Gromova and V.A. Popov, 1997: Auroral electrojets during geomagnetic storms J. Geophys. Res., 102, 14223-14235.

Grafe, A., P.A. Bespalov, V.Y. Trakhtengerts and A.G. Demekhov, 1997: Afternoon mid-latitude current system and low-latitude geomagnetic field asymmetry during geomagnetic storms. Ann. Geophys., 15, 1537-1547.

Kauristie, K., T.I. Pulkkinen, A. Huuskonen, R.J. Pellinen, H.J. Opgenoorth, D.N. Baker, A. Korth and M. Syrjäsuo, 1997: Auroral precipitation fading before and at substorm onset: ionospheric and geostationary signatures. Ann. Geophys., 15, 967-983.

Knipp, D.J. and B.A. Emery, 1997: Mapping ionospheric substorm response. Adv. Space Res., 20, 895-905.

Korotova, G.I., D.G. Sibeck, T.J. Rosenberg, C.T. Russell and E. Friis-Christensen, 1997: High-latitude ionospheric transient events in a global context. J. Geophys. Res., 102, 17499-17508.

Maynard, N.C., W.J. Burke, G.M. Erickson, M. Nakamura, T. Mukai, S. Kokubun, T. Yamamoto, B. Jacobsen, A. Egeland, J.C. Samson, D.R. Weimer, G.D. Reeves and H. Lühr, 1997: Geotail measurements compared with the motions of high-latitude auroral boundaries during two substorms. J. Geophys. Res., 102, 9553-9572.

Milan, S.E., M. Lester and J. Moen, 1997: A comparison of optical and coherent HF radar backscatter observations of a post-midnight aurora. Ann. Geophys., 15, 1388-1398.

Moretto, T., E. Friis-Christensen H. Lühr and E. Zesta, 1997: Global perspective of ionospheric traveling convection vortices: Case studies of two Geospace Environmental Modeling events. J. Geophys. Res., 102, 11597-11610.

Ridley, A.J., G. Lu, C.R. Clauer and V.O. Papitashvili, 1997: Ionospheric convection during nonsteady interplanetary magnetic field conditions J. Geophys. Res., 102, 14563-14579.

Taylor, J.R., M. Lester, T.K. Yeoman, B.A. Emery, D.J. Knipp, D. Orr, S.I. Solovyev, T.J. Hughes and H. Lühr, 1997: The response of the magnetosphere to the passage of a coronal mass ejection on March 20-21 1990. Ann. Geophys., 15, 671-684.

Viljanen, A., 1997: The relation between geomagnetic variations and their time derivatives and implications for estimation of induction risks. Geophys. Res. Lett., 24, 631-634.

Yeoman, T.K. and H. Lühr, 1997: CUTLASS/IMAGE observations of high-latitude convection features during substorms. Ann. Geophys., 15, 692-702.

Yeoman, T.K., D.M. Wright, T.R. Robinson, J.A. Davies and M. Rietveld, 1997: High spatial and temporal resolution observations of an impulse-driven field line resonance in radar backscatter artificially generated with the Tromsø heater. Ann. Geophys., 15, 634-644.

Øieroset, M., P.E. Sandholt, H. Lühr, W.F. Denig and T. Moretto, 1997: Auroral and geomagnetic events at cusp/mantle latitudes in the prenoon sector during positive IMF By conditions: Signatures of pulsed magnetopause reconnection. J. Geophys. Res., 102, 7191-7205.


Abdu, M.A., J.H. Sastri, H. Lühr, H. Tachihara, T. Kitamura, N.B. Trivedi and J.H.A. Sobral, 1998: DP2 electric field fluctuations in the dusk-time dip equatorial ionosphere. Geophys. Res. Lett., 25, 1511-1514.

Blagoveshchenskaya, N.F., V.A. Kornienko, A.V. Petlenko, A. Brekke and M.T. Rietveld, 1998: Geophysical phenomena during an ionospheric modification experiment at Tromsø, Norway. Ann. Geophys., 16, 1212-1225.

Burke, W.J., N.C. Maynard, G.M. Erickson, M. Nakamura, S. Kokubun, B. Jacobsen and R.W. Smith, 1998: High-Latitude Auroral Boundaries Compared with GEOTAIL Measurements during Two Substorms. AGU Geophysical Monograph on Geospace Mass and Energy Flow. Results From the International Solar-Terrestrial Physics Program, 104, 129-141.

Engebretson, M., K.-H. Glassmeier, M. Stellmacher, W.J. Hughes and H. Lühr, 1998: The dependence of high-latitude Pc5 wave power on solar wind velocity and on the phase pf high-speed solar wind streams. J. Geophys. Res., 103, 26271-26283.

Feldstein, Y.I., L.I. Gromova, A.E. Levitin and A. Grafe, 1998: Conjugacy of geomagnetic disturbances and the substorm current wedge. Geophys. Res. Lett., 25, 3083-3086.

Knipp, D.J. and B.A. Emery, 1998: A report on the community study of the early November 1993 geomagnetic storm. Adv. Space Res., 22, 41-54.

Knipp, D.J., B.A. Emery, M. Engebretson, X. Li, A.H. McAllister, T. Mukai, S. Kokubun, G.D. Reeves, D. Evans, T. Obara, X. Pi, T. Rosenberg, A. Weatherwax, M.G. McHarg, F. Chun, K. Mosely, M. Codrescu, L. Lanzerotti, F.J. Rich, J. Sharber and P. Wilkinson, 1998: An overview of the early November 1993 geomagnetic storm. J. Geophys. Res., 103, 26197-26220.

Kobea, A.T., C. Amory-Mazaudier, J.M. Do, H. Lühr, E. Houngninou, J. Vassal, E. Blanc and J.J. Curto, 1998: Equatorial electrojet as part of the global circuit: a case-study from the IEEY. Ann. Geophys., 16, 698-710.

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Fox, N.J., S.W.H. Cowley, V.N. Davda, G. Enno, E. Friis-Christensen, R.A. Greenwald, M.R. Hairston, M. Lester, M. Lockwood, H. Lühr, D.K. Milling, J.S. Murphree, M. Pinnock and G.D. Reeves, 1999: A multipoint study of a substorm occurring on 7 December, 1992, and its theoretical implications. Ann. Geophys., 17, 1369-1384.

Gromova, L.I., Ya.I. Feldstein, A.E. Levitin and A. Grafe, 1999: Conjugacy of Geomagnetic Disturbances in the Near-Polar Area of the Auroral Oval at the Expansion Phase of a Substorm. Geomagn. Aeron., 39, 25-32.

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Milan, S.E., T.K. Yeoman, M. Lester, J. Moen and P.E. Sandholt, 1999: Post-noon two-minute period pulsating aurora and their relationship to the dayside convection pattern. Ann. Geophys., 17, 877-891.

Mäkelä, J.S., A.M. Mälkki, H.E.J. Koskinen, J.H. Clemmons, R.E. Erlandson, B. Holback and L. Eliasson, 1999: Evolution of mesoscale auroral cavities before substorm onset. J. Geophys. Res., 104, 17201-17215.

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Sandholt, P.E., C.J. Farrugia and B. Lybekk, 1999: The dynamic cusp aurora on 30 November 1997: response to southward turning of the IMF. Ann. Geophys., 17, 1155-1165.

Sauvaud, J.-A., D. Popescu, D.C. Delcourt, G.K. Parks, M. Brittnacher, V. Sergeev, R.A. Kovrazhkin, T. Mukai and S. Kokubun, 1999: Sporadic plasma sheet ion injections into the high-altitude auroral bulge: Satellite observations. J. Geophys. Res., 104, 28565-28586.

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Slinker, S.P., J.A. Fedder, B.A. Emery, K.B. Baker, D. Lummerzheim, J.G. Lyon and F.J. Rich, 1999: Comparison of global MHD simulations with AMIE simulations for the events of May 19-20, 1996. J. Geophys. Res., 104, 28379-28395.

Solovyev, S.I., D.G. Baishev, E.S. Barkova, M.J. Engebretson, J.L. Posch, W.J. Hughes, K. Yumoto and V.A. Pilipenko, 1999: Structure of disturbances in the dayside and nightside ionosphere during periods of negative interplanetary magnetic field Bz. J. Geophys. Res., 104, 28019-28039.

Valdivia, J.A., D. Vassiliadis, A. Klimas and A.S. Sharma, 1999: Modeling the spatial structure of the high latitude magnetic perturbations and the related current systems. Physics of Plasmas, 6, 4185-4194.

Wright, D.M. and T.K. Yeoman, 1999: CUTLASS observations of a high-m ULF wave and its consequences for the DOPE HF Doppler sounder. Ann. Geophys., 17, 1493-1497.


Amm, O., P. Janhunen, H.J. Opgenoorth, T.I. Pulkkinen and A. Viljanen, 2000: Ionospheric Shear Flow Situations Observed by the MIRACLE Network, and the Concept of Harang Discontinuity. AGU monograph on Magnetospheric Current Systems, 118, 227-236.

Baishev, D.G., E.S. Barkova, S.I. Solovyev, K. Yumoto and A.G. Yahnin, 2000: Frequency growth of IPDPs during a substorm as a manifestation of equatorward expansion of particle precipitation and current region. Int. J. Geomagn. Aeron., 2, 115-127.

Blanchard, G.T., L.R. Lyons and J. Spann, 2000: Predictions of substorms following northward turnings of the interplanetary magnetic field. J. Geophys. Res., 105(A1), 375-384, doi:10.1029/1999JA900448.

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Chen, L., D. Larson, R.P. Lin, M. McCarthy and G. Parks, 2000: Multicomponent Plasma Distributions in the Tail Current Sheet Associated with Substorms. Geophys. Res. Lett., 27, 843-846.

Crowley, G., A.J. Ridley, D. Deist, S. Wing, D.J. Knipp, B.A. Emery, J. Foster, R. Heelis, M. Hairston and B.W. Reinisch, 2000: Transformation of high-latitude ionospheric F region patches into blobs during the March 21, 1990, storm. J. Geophys. Res., 105(A3), 5215-5230, doi:10.1029/1999JA900357.

Erickson, G.M., N.C. Maynard, W.J. Burke, G.R. Wilson and M.A. Heinemann, 2000: Electromagnetics of substorm onsets in the near-geosynchronous plasma sheet. J. Geophys. Res., 105, 25265-25290.

Farrugia, C.J., P.E. Sandholt, N.C. Maynard, W.J. Burke, J.D. Scudder, D.M. Ober, J. Moen and C.T. Russell, 2000: Pulsating midmorning auroral arcs, filamentation of a mixing region in a flank boundary layer, and ULF waves observed during a Polar-Svalbard conjunction. J. Geophys. Res., 105, 27531-27553.

Glassmeier, K.-H. and M. Stellmacher, 2000: Concerning the local time asymmetry of Pc5 wave power at the ground and field line resonance widths. J. Geophys. Res., 105, 18847-18855.

Grafe, A. and Y.I. Feldstein, 2000: About the relationship between auroral electrojets and ring currents. Ann. Geophys., 18, 874-886.

Hecht, J.H., D.L. McKenzie, A.B. Christensen, D.J. Strickland, J.P. Thayer and J. Watermann, 2000: Simultaneous observations of lower thermospheric composition change during moderate auroral activity from Kangerlussuaq and Narsarsuaq, Greenland. J. Geophys. Res., 105, 27109-27118.

Janhunen, P., A. Olsson, O. Amm and K. Kauristie, 2000: Characteristics of a stable arc based on FAST and MIRACLE observations. Ann. Geophys., 18, 152-160.

Kallio, E.I., T.I. Pulkkinen, H.E.J. Koskinen, A. Viljanen, J.A. Slavin and K. Ogilvie, 2000: Loading-Unloading Processes in the Nightside Ionosphere. Geophys. Res. Lett., 27, 1627-1630.

Karlsson, S.B.P., H.J. Opgenoorth, P. Eglitis, K. Kauristie, M. Syrjäsuo, T. Pulkkinen, M. Lockwood, R. Nakamura, G. Reeves and S. Romanov, 2000: Solar wind control of magnetospheric energy content: Substorm quenching and multiple onsets. J. Geophys. Res., 105, 5335-5356.

Kauristie, K., V.A. Sergeev, M. Kubyshkina, T.I. Pulkkinen, V. Angelopoulos, T. Phan, R.P. Lin and J.A. Slavin, 2000: Ionospheric current signatures of transient plasma sheet flows. J. Geophys. Res., 105, 10677-10690.

Kikuchi, T., H. Lühr, K. Schlegel, H. Tachihara, M. Shinohara and T.-I. Kitamura, 2000: Penetration of auroral electric fields to the equator during a substorm. J. Geophys. Res., 105, 23251-23261.

Kikuchi, T., M. Pinnock, A. Rodger, H. Lühr, T. Kitamura, H. Tachihara, M. Watanabe, N. Sato and M. Ruohoniemi, 2000: Global evolution of a substorm-associated DP2 current system observed by SuperDarn and magnetometers. Adv. Space Res., 26, 121-124.

Kleimenova, N.G., O.V. Kozyreva, J. Bitterly and J.-J. Schott, 2000: Long-Period (1-6 mHz) Geomagnetic Pulsations during the Initial Phase of the Big Magnetic Storm of February 21, 1994. Geomagn. Aeron., 40, 420-429.

Kobea, A.T., A.D. Richmond, B.A. Emery, C. Peymirat, H. Lühr, T. Moretto, M. Hairston and C. Amory-Mazaudier, 2000: Electrodynamic coupling of high and low latitudes: Observations on May 27, 1993. J. Geophys. Res., 105, 22979-22989.

Keiling, A., J.R. Wygant, C. Cattell, M. Temerin, F.S. Mozer, C.A. Kletzing, J. Scudder, C.T. Russell, W. Lotko and A.V. Streltsov, 2000: Large Alfven wave power in the plasma sheet boundary layer during the expansion phase of substorms. Geophys. Res. Lett., 27, 3169-3172.

Korotova, G.I., M.G. Kivelson, D.G. Sibeck, T.A. Potemra and P. Stauning, 2000: Multipoint observations of global magnetospheric compressions. J. Geophys. Res., 105, 23293-23302.

Lester, M., J.A. Davies and T.K. Yeoman, 2000: The ionospheric response during an interval of Pc5 ULF wave activity. Ann. Geophys., 18, 257-261.

Lu, G., 2000: A Synthetic View of the Magnetospheric-Ionospheric Current System Associated With Substorms. AGU monograph on Magnetospheric Current Systems, 118, 199-207.

Mathie, R.A. and I.R. Mann, 2000: Observations of Pc5 field line resonance azimuthal phase speeds: A diagnostic of their excitation mechanism. J. Geophys. Res., 105, 10713-10728.

Mathie, R.A. and I.R. Mann, 2000: Observations of an anomalously low frequency Alfvén continuum in an abnormally expanded magnetosphere. Geophys. Res. Lett., 24, 4017-4020, doi:10.1029/2000GL003791.

Mathie, R.A. and I.R. Mann, 2000: A correlation between extended intervals of ULF wave power and storm-time geosynchronous relativistic electron flux enhancements. Geophys. Res. Lett., 27, 3261-3264.

Milan, S.E., M. Lester, S.W.H. Cowley and M. Brittnacher, 2000: Convection and auroral response to a southward turning of the IMF: Polar UVI, CUTLASS, and IMAGE signatures of transient magnetic flux transfer at the magnetopause. J. Geophys. Res., 105(A7), 15741-15755, doi:10.1029/2000JA900022.

Moretto, T., A.J. Ridley, M.J. Engebretson and O. Rasmussen, 2000: High-latitude ionospheric response to a sudden impulse event during northward IMF conditions. J. Geophys. Res., 105, 2521-2531.

Nielsen, E. and F. Honary, 2000: Observations of ionospheric flows and particle precipitation following a Sudden Commencement. Ann. Geophys., 18, 908-917.

Nygren, T., E.D. Tereshchenko, B.Z. Khudukon, O.V. Evstafiev, M.S. Lehtinen and M. Markkanen, 2000: Manifestations of field-aligned currents in tomographic observations of the ionospheric F region. Adv. Space Res., 26, 939-942.

Papitashvili, V.O., C.R. Clauer, F. Christiansen, V.A. Pilipenko, V.A. Popov, O. Rasmussen, V.P. Suchdeo and J.F. Watermann, 2000: Geomagnetic disturbances at high latitudes during very low solar wind density event. Geophys. Res. Lett., 27, 3785-3788.

Petrukovich, A.A., W. Baumjohann, R. Nakamura, T. Mukai and O.A. Troshichev, 2000: Small substorms: Solar wind input and magnetotail dynamics. J. Geophys. Res., 105, 21109-21118.

Pirjola, R.J., A.T. Viljanen and D.H. Boteler, 2000: Electric field at the seafloor due to a two dimensional ionospheric current. Geophys. J. Int., 140, 286-294.

Pokhotelov, O.A., Y.G. Khabazin, I.R. Mann, D.K. Milling, P.K. Shukla and K. Stenflo, 2000: Giant pulsations: A nonlinear phenomenon. J. Geophys. Res., 105, 10691-10702.

Ridley, A.J., G. Crowley and C. Freitas, 2000: An empirical model of the ionospheric electric potential. Geophys. Res. Lett., 27, 3675-3678.

Safargaleev, V., W. Lyatsky, N.G. Gazey, P.N. Smith and V. Kriviliov, 2000: The response of the azimuthal component of the ionospheric electric field to auroral arc brightening. Ann. Geophys., 18, 65-73.

Sandholt, P.E., C.J. Farrugia, S.W.H. Cowley, M. Lester, W.F. Denig, J.-C. Cerisier, S.E. Milan, J. Moen, E. Trondsen and B. Lybekk, 2000: Dynamic cusp aurora and associated pulsed reverse convection during northward interplanetary magnetic field. J. Geophys. Res., 105(A7), 12869-12894, doi:10.1029/2000JA900025.

Sergeev, V.A., J.-A. Sauvaud, D. Popescu, R.A. Kovrazhkin, V.N. Lutsenko, L.M. Zelenyi, M. Syrjäsuo, A. Viljanen, T.I. Pulkkinen, K. Kudela, S. Kokubun and T. Mukai, 2000: Plasma sheet ion injections into the auroral bulge: Correlative study of spacecraft and observations. J. Geophys. Res., 105, 18465-18481.

Shue, J.-H., Y. Kamide, R.D. Elphinstone and N. Nishitani, 2000: Intense growth phase events of substorms. J. Geophys. Res., 105, 5357-5371.

Takeuchi, T., T. Araki, H. Lühr, O. Rasmussen, J. Watermann, D.K. Milling, I.R. Mann, K. Yumoto, K. Shiokawa and T. Nagai, 2000: Geomagnetic negative sudden impulse due to a magnetic cloud observed on May 13, 1995. J. Geophys. Res., 105, 18835-18846.

Waters, C.L., 2000: ULF resonance structure in the magnetosphere. Adv. Space Res., 25, 1541-1558.

Wild, J.A. and T.K. Yeoman, 2000: CUTLASS HF radar observations of high-latitude azimuthally propagating vortical currents in the nightside ionosphere during magnetospheric substorms. Ann. Geophys., 18, 640-652.

Wild, J.A., T.K. Yeoman, P. Eglitis and H.J. Opgenoorth, 2000: Multi-instrument observations of the electric and magnetic field structure of omega bands. Ann. Geophys., 18, 99-110.

Wüest, M., M.M. Huddleston, J.L. Burch, D.L. Dempsey, P.D. Craven, M.O. Chandler, J.F. Spann, W.K. Peterson, H.L. Collin and W. Lennartson, 2000: Magnetospheric response to the arrival of the shock wave in front of the magnetic cloud of January 10, 1997. Adv. Space Res., 25, 1401-1404.

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Amm, O., P. Janhunen, K. Kauristie, H.J. Opgenoorth, T.I. Pulkkinen and A. Viljanen, 2001: Mesoscale Ionospheric Electrodynamics Observed with the MIRACLE Network: 1. Analysis of a Pseudobreakup Spiral. J. Geophys. Res., 106, 24675-24690.

Bae, S.H., D.-Y. Lee, E. Lee, K.W. Min and K.H. Choi, 2001: Substorms associated with azimuthal turnings of the interplanetary magnetic field. J. Atmos. Solar-Terr. Phys., 63, 1763-1774.

Blagoveshchenskaya, N. F., V. A. Kornienko, T. D. Borisova, B. Thidé, M.J. Kosch, M.T. Rietveld, E.V. Mishin, R.Y. Lukyanova, O.A. Troshichev, 2001: Ionospheric HF pump wave triggering of local auroral activation. J. Geophys. Res., 106, 29071-29089.

Bogdanova, Y.V., V.S. Semenov, R.P. Rijnbeek and P.N. Smith, 2001: Analysis of auroral arc dynamics based on a model of magnetic reconnection in the magnetotail. J. Atmos. Solar-Terr. Phys., 63, 725-737.

Boonsiriseth, A., R. M. Thorne, G. Lu, V. K. Jordanova, M. F. Thomsen, D.M. Ober and A. J. Ridley, 2001: A semiempirical equatorial mapping of AMIE convection electric potentials (MACEP) for the January 10, 1997, magnetic storm. J. Geophys. Res., 106, 12903-12917.

Danielides, M.A., S. Shalimov and J. Kangas, 2001: Estimates of the field-aligned current density current-carrying filaments using auroral zone ground-based observations. Ann. Geophys., 19, 699-706.

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Fox, N.J., S.W.H. Cowley, J.A. Davies, R.A. Greenwald, M. Lester, M. Lockwood and H. Lühr, 2001: Ionospheric ion and electron heating at the poleward boundary of a poleward expanding substorm-disturbed region. J. Geophys. Res., 106, 12845-12862.

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Kauristie, K., T.I. Pulkkinen, O. Amm, A. Viljanen, M. Syrjäsuo, P. Janhunen, S. Massetti, S. Orsini, M. Candidi, J. Watermann, E. Donovan, P. Prikryl, I.R. Mann, P. Eglitis, C. Smith, W.F. Denig, H.J. Opgenoorth, M. Lockwood, M. Dunlop, A. Vaivads and M. André, 2001: Ground-based and satellite observations of high-latitude auroral activity in the dusk sector of the auroral oval. Ann. Geophys., 19, 1683-1696.

Kauristie, K., M.T. Syrjäsuo, O. Amm, A. Viljanen, T.I. Pulkkinen and H.J. Opgenoorth, 2001: A statistical study of evening sector arcs and electrojets. Adv. Space Res., 28, 1605-1610.

Keiling, A., J.R. Wygant, C. Cattell, M. Johnson, M. Temerin, F.S. Mozer, C.A. Kletzing, J. Scudder and C.T. Russell, 2001: Properties of large electric fields in the plasma sheet at 4-7 Re measured with Polar. J. Geophys. Res., 106, 5779-5798.

Kozlovsky, A. and J. Kangas, 2001: Characteristics of the postnoon auroras inferred from EISCAT radar measurements. J. Geophys. Res., 106, 1817-1834.

Kozlovsky, A., T. Lakkala, J. Kangas and A. Aikio, 2001: Response of the quiet auroral arc motion to ionospheric convection variations. J. Geophys. Res., 106, 21463-21473.

Lam, M. M. and A.S. Rodger, 2001: A case study test of Araki's physical model of geomagnetic sudden commencement. J. Geophys. Res., 106, 13135-13144.

Lee, D.-Y. and K.W. Min, 2001: Multispacecraft and ground observations of magnetospheric and ionospheric responses to continuous energy input from the solar wind. J. Geophys. Res., 106, 3929-3941.

Lester, M., S.E. Milan, V. Besser and R. Smith, 2001: A case study of HF radar spectra and 630.0 nm auroral emission in the pre-midnight sector. Ann. Geophys., 19, 327-339.

Lockwood, M., A. Fazakerley, H. Opgenoorth, J. Moen, A. P. van Eyken, M. Dunlop, J.-M. Bosqued, G. Lu, C. Cully, P. Eglitis, I. W. McCrea, M. A. Hapgood, M. N. Wild, R. Stamper, W. Denig, M. Taylor, J. A. Wild, G. Provan, O. Amm, K. Kauristie, T. Pulkkinen, A. Strømme, P. Prikryl, F. Pitout, A. Balogh, H. Rème, R. Behlke, T. Hansen, R. Greenwald, H. Frey, S. K. Morley, D. Alcaydé, P.-L. Blelly, E. Donovan, M. Engebretson, M. Lester, J. Watermann and M. F. Marcucci, 2001: Coordinated Cluster and ground-based instrument observations of transient changes in the magnetopause boundary layer during an interval of predominantly northward IMF: relation to reconnection pulses and FTE signatures. Ann. Geophys., 19, 1613-1653.

Lockwood, M., H. Opgenoorth, A.P. van Eyken, A. Fazakerley, J.-M. Bosqued, W. Denig, J. A. Wild, C. Cully, R. Greenwald, G. Lu, O. Amm, H. Frey, A. Strømme, P. Prikryl, M. A. Hapgood, M. N. Wild, R. Stamper, M. Taylor, I. McCrea, K. Kauristie, T. Pulkkinen, F. Pitout, A. Balogh, M. Dunlop, H. Rème, R. Behlke, T. Hansen, G. Provan, P. Eglitis, S. K. Morley, D. Alcaydé, P.-L. Blelly, J. Moen, E. Donovan, M. Engebretson, M. Lester, J. Watermann and M.F. Marcucci, 2001: Coordinated Cluster, ground-based instrumentation and low-altitude satellite observations of transient poleward-moving events in the ionosphere and in the tail lobe. Ann. Geophys., 19, 1589-1612.

Lu, G., A.D. Richmond, J.M. Ruohoniemi, R.A. Greenwald, M. Hairston, F.J. Rich and D.S. Evans, 2001: An investigation of the influence of data and model inputs on assimilative mapping of ionospheric electrodynamics. J. Geophys. Res., 106, 417-433.

Lyons, L.R., R.L. McPherron, E. Zesta, G.D. Reeves, J.B. Sigwarth and L.A. Frank, 2001: Timing of substorm signatures during the November 24, 1996, Geospace Environment Modeling event. J. Geophys. Res., 106, 349-359.

Marklund, G.T., T. Karlsson, P. Eglitis and H. Opgenoorth, 2001: Astrid-2 and ground-based observations of the auroral bulge in the middle of the nightside convection throat. Ann. Geophys., 19, 633-641.

Mathie, R. A., I. R. Mann, 2001: On the solar wind control of Pc5 ULF pulsation power at mid-latitudes: Implications for MeV electron acceleration in the outer radiation belt. J. Geophys. Res., 106, 29783-29796.

Milan, S.E., N. Sato, M. Ejiri and J. Moen, 2001: Auroral forms and the field-aligned current structure associated with field line resonances. J. Geophys. Res., 106(A11), 25825-25833, doi:10.1029/2001JA900077.

Milling, D.K., I.R. Mann and F.W. Menk, 2001: Diagnosing the plasmapause with a network of closely spaced ground-based magnetometers. Geophys. Res. Lett., 28, 115-118.

Murr, D.L. and W.J. Hughes, 2001: Reconfiguration Timescales of Ionospheric Convection. Geophys. Res. Lett., 28, 2145-2148.

Mursula, K., T. Bräysy, K. Niskala and C.T. Russell, 2001: Pc1 pearls revisited: Structured electromagnetic ion cyclotron waves on Polar satellite and on ground. J. Geophys. Res., 106, 29543-29553.

Nagatsuma, T., S. Nozawa, S.C. Buchert and R. Fujii, 2001: High latitude Pi3 pulsations observed by the EISCAT VHF radar. Adv. Space Res., 27, 1429-1432.

Ogawa, T., S.C. Buchert, N. Nishitani, N. Sato and M. Lester, 2001: Plasma density suppression process around the cusp revealed by simultaneous CUTLASS and EISCAT Svalbard radar observations. J. Geophys. Res., 106, 5551-5564.

Opgenoorth, H.J., M. Lockwood, D. Alcaydé, E. Donovan, M. J. Engebretson, A.P. van Eyken, K. Kauristie, M. Lester, J. Moen, J. Waterman, H. Alleyne, M. André, M. W. Dunlop, N. Cornilleau-Wehrlin, A. Masson, A. Fazakerley, H. Rème, R. André, O. Amm, A. Balogh, R. Behlke, P. L. Blelly, H. Boholm, E. Borälv, J.M. Bosqued, S. Buchert, M. Candidi, J. C. Cerisier, C. Cully, W. F. Denig, P. Eglitis, R. A. Greenwald, B. Jackal, J.D. Kelly, I. Krauklis, G. Lu, I. R. Mann, M. F. Marcucci, I. W. McCrea, M. Maksimovic, S. Massetti, P. M. E. Décréau, D. K. Milling, S. Orsini, F. Pitout, G. Provan, J. M. Ruohoniemi, J. C. Samson, J. J. Schott, F. Sedgemore-Schulthess, R. Stamper, P. Stauning, A. Strømme, M. Taylor, A. Vaivads, J. P. Villain, I. Voronkov, J. A. Wild and M. Wild, 2001: Coordinated ground-based, low altitude satellite and Cluster observations on global and local scales during a transient post-noon sector excursion of the magnetospheric cusp. Ann. Geophys., 19, 1367-1398.

Oyama, S., M. Ishii, Y. Murayama, H. Shinagawa, S.C. Buchert, R. Fujii and W. Kofman, 2001: Generation of atmospheric gravity waves associated with auroral activity in the polar F region. J. Geophys. Res., 106, 18543-18554.

Partamies, N., K. Kauristie, T.I. Pulkkinen and M. Brittnacher, 2001: Statistical study of auroral spirals. J. Geophys. Res., 106, 15415-15428.

Peria, W.J., M.J. Brittnacher, G.K. Parks and C.W. Carlson, 2001: Microscopic signatures of the bipartite auroral oval: FAST measurements. J. Geophys. Res., 106, 29645-29653.

Pilipenko, V., N. Kleimenova, O. Kozyreva, M. Engebretson and O. Rasmussen, 2001: Long-period magnetic activity during the May 15, 1997 storm. J. Atmos. Sol.-Terr. Phys., 63, 489-501, doi:10.1016/S1364-6826(00)00189-9.

Raeder, J., R.L. McPherron, L.A. Frank, S. Kokubun, G. Lu, T. Mukai, W.R. Paterson, J.B. Sigwarth, H.J. Singer and J.A. Slavin, 2001: Global simulation of the Geospace Environment Modeling substorm challenge event. J. Geophys. Res., 106, 381-395.

Sandholt, P.E. and C.J. Farrugia, 2001: Multipoint observations of substorm intensifications: The high-latitude aurora and electron injections in the inner equatorial plasma sheet. Geophys. Res. Lett., 28, 483-486.

Sandholt, P.E., C.J. Farrugia, S.W.H. Cowley and M. Lester, 2001: Dayside auroral bifurcation sequence during By-dominated interplanetary magnetic field: Relationship with merging and lobe convection cells. J. Geophys. Res., 106, 15429-15444.

Sarafopoulos, D. V., K. Takahashi and R. W. McEntire, 2001: Periodic variations of magnetosheath energetic electron flux associated with global Pc5 pulsations. J. Geophys. Res., 106, 13037-13053.

Sastri, J.H., T. Takeuchi, T. Araki, K. Yumoto, S. Tsunomura, H. Tachihara, H. Lühr and J. Watermann, 2001: Preliminary impulse of the geomagnetic storm sudden commencement of November 18, 1993. J. Geophys. Res., 106, 3905-3918.

Sato, N., Y. Murata, H. Yamagishi, A.S. Yukimatu, M. Kikuchi, M. Watanabe, K. Makita, H. Yang, R. Liu and F. J. Rich, 2001: Enhancement of Optical Aurora triggered by the Solar Wind Negative Pressure Impulse (SI). Geophys. Res. Lett., 28, 127-130.

Shue, J.-H. and Y. Kamide, 2001: Effects of solar wind density on auroral electrojets. Geophys. Res. Lett., 28, 2181-2184.

Tanskanen, E.I., A. Viljanen, T. I. Pulkkinen, R. Pirjola, L. Häkkinen, A. Pulkkinen and O. Amm, 2001: At substorm onset, 40 % of AL comes from underground. J. Geophys. Res., 106 , 13119-13134.

Thompson, S.M. and M.G. Kivelson, 2001: New evidence for the origin of giant pulsations. J. Geophys. Res., 106, 21237-21253.

Toivanen, P.K., D.N. Baker, W.K. Peterson, X. Li, E.F. Donovan, A. Viljanen, A. Keiling, J.R. Wygant and C.A. Kletzing, 2001: Plasma sheet dynamics observed by the Polar spacecraft in association with substorm onsets. J. Geophys. Res., 106, 19117-19130.

Toivanen, P.K., D.N. Baker, W.K. Peterson, H.J. Singer, N.E. Turner, X. Li, K. Kauristie, M. Syrjäsuo, A. Viljanen, T.I. Pulkkinen, A. Keiling, J.R. Wygant and C.A. Kletzing, 2001: Reconciliation of the substorm onset determined on the ground and at the Polar spacecraft. Geophys. Res. Lett., 28 , 107-110.

Uspensky, M., P. Eglitis, H. Opgenoorth, G. Starkov, T. Pulkkinen and R. Pellinen, 2001: On auroral dynamics observed by HF radar: 1. Equatorward edge of the afternoon-evening diffuse luminosity belt. Ann. Geophys., 18, 1560-1575.

Uspensky, M.V., A.V. Koustov, P. Eglitis, A. Huuskonen, S.E. Milan, T. Pulkkinen and R. Pirjola, 2001: CUTLASS HF radar observations of high-velocity E-region echoes. Ann. Geophys., 19, 411-424.

Viljanen, A., H. Nevanlinna, K. Pajunpää and A. Pulkkinen, 2001: Time derivative of the horizontal geomagnetic field as an activity indicator. Ann. Geophys., 19, 1107-1118.

Vorobjev, V. G., O.I. Yagodkina, D.G. Sibeck, K. Liou and C.-I. Meng, 2001: Polar UVI observations of dayside auroral transient events. J. Geophys. Res., 106, 28897-28911.

Weimer, D.R., 2001: An improved model of ionospheric electric potentials including substorm perturbations and application to the Geospace Environment Modeling November 24, 1996, event. J. Geophys. Res., 106, 407-416.

Wilson, G.R., D.M. Ober, G.A. Germany and E.J. Lund, 2001: The relationship between suprathermal heavy ion outflow and auroral electron energy deposition: Polar/Ultraviolet Imager and Fast Auroral Snapshot/Time-of-Flight Energy Angle MAss Spectrometer observations. J. Geophys. Res., 106, 18981-18993.

Wright, D.M., T.K. Yeoman, I.J. Rae, J. Storey, A.B. Stockton-Chalk, J.L. Roeder and K.J. Trattner, 2001: Ground-based and Polar spacecraft observations of a giant (Pg) pulsation and its associated source mechanism. J. Geophys. Res., 106, 10837-10852.

Yahnin, A.G., V.A. Sergeev, T. Bösinger, T.I. Sergienko, I.A. Kornilov, N.L. Borodkova, M.F. Thomsen, R.D. Belian, J.-A. Sauvaud, V.N. Lutsenko and A.A. Skalsky, 2001: Correlated Interball/ground-based observations of isolated substorm: The pseudobreakup phase. Ann. Geophys., 19, 687-698.


Abel, G.A. and M.P. Freeman, 2002: A statistical analysis of ionospheric velocity and magnetic field power spectra at the time of pulsed ionospheric flows. J. Geophys. Res., 107(A12), 1470, doi:10.1029/2002JA009402.

Amm, O., M.J. Engebretson, T. Hughes, L. Newitt, A. Viljanen and J. Watermann, 2002: A traveling convection vortex event study: Instantaneous ionospheric equivalent currents, estimation of field-aligned currents, and the role of induced currents. J. Geophys. Res., 107, 1334, doi: 10.1029/2002JA009472.

Amm, O. and K. Kauristie, 2002: Ionospheric signatures of bursty bulk flows. Surv. Geophys., 23, 1-32.

Baddeley, L.J., T.K. Yeoman, D.M. Wright, J.A. Davies, K.J. Trattner and J.L. Roeder, 2002: Morning sector drift-bounce resonance driven ULF waves observed in artificially-induced HF radar backscatter. Ann. Geophys., 20, 1487-1498.

Borodkova, N.L., A.G. Yahnin, K. Liou, J.-A. Sauvaud, A.O. Fedorov, V.N. Lutsenko, M.N. Nozdrachev and A.A. Lyubchich, 2002: Plasma sheet fast flows and auroral dynamics during substorm: a case study. Ann. Geophys., 20, 341-347.

Danielides, M. and S. Shalimov, 2002: Magnetic impulse events at the nightside auroral latitudes and associated phenomena. Adv. Space Res., 30, 2575-2579.

Gauld, J.K., T.K. Yeoman, J.A. Davies, S.E. Milan and F. Honary, 2002: SuperDARN radar HF propagation and absorption response to the substorm expansion phase. Ann. Geophys., 20, 1631-1645.

Grocott, A., S.W.H. Cowley, J.B. Sigwarth, J.F. Watermann and T.K. Yeoman, 2002: Excitation of twin-vortex flow in the nightside high-latitude ionosphere during an isolated substorm. Ann. Geophys., 20, 1577-1601.

Hashimoto, K.K., 2002: Evolution of the Ionospheric Convection due to Changes in the Interplanetary Magnetic Field. Journal of the Communications Research Laboratory, 39, 103-117.

Huttunen, K.E.J., H.E.J. Koskinen, T.I. Pulkkinen, A. Pulkkinen, M. Palmroth, E.G.D. Reeves and H.J. Singer, 2002: April 2000 magnetic storm: Solar wind driver and magnetospheric response. J. Geophys. Res., 107(A12), 1440, 10.1029/2001JA009154.

Kleimenova, N.G., O.V. Kozyreva, K. Kauristie and A. Ranta, 2002: Case studies on the dynamics of Pi3 geomagnetic and riometer pulsations during auroral activations. Ann. Geophys., 20, 151-159.

Kovtun, A.A., S.A. Vagin, I.L. Vardanyants, N.P. Legenkova, M.Yu. Smirnov, N.I. Uspensky and the BEAR Working Group, 2002: Analysis of Magnetotelluric and Magnetic Variation Results in a Daily Variation Range from BEAR Data and the Construction of the Normal Section of the Baltic Shield. Izvestiya, Physics of the Solid Earth, 38, 34-53.

Mann, I.R., I. Voronkov, M. Dunlop, E. Donovan, T.K. Yeoman, D.K. Milling, J. Wild, K. Kauristie, O. Amm, S.D. Bale, A. Balogh, A. Viljanen and H.J. Opgenoorth, 2002: Co-ordinated ground-based and Cluster observations of large amplitude global magnetospheric oscillations during a fast solar wind speed interval. Ann. Geophys., 20, 405-426.

Manninen, J., N.G. Kleimenova, O.V. Kozyreva and A. Ranta, 2002: High-latitude geomagnetic pulsation response to the passage of the front edge of the interplanetary magnetic cloud of January 10, 1997. J. Atmos. Solar-Terr. Phys., 64, 1855-1864.

Mishin, E.V., J.C. Foster, A.P. Potekhin, F.J. Rich, K. Schlegel, K. Yumoto, V.I. Taran, J.M. Ruohoniemi and R. Friedel, 2002: Global ULF disturbances during a stormtime substorm on 25 September 1998. J. Geophys. Res., 107(A12), 1486, doi:10.1029/2002JA009302.

Moretto, T., M. Hesse, A. Yahnin, A. Ieda, D. Murr and J.F. Watermann, 2002: Magnetospheric signature of an ionospheric traveling convection vortex event. J. Geophys. Res., 107, A6, 10.1029/2001JA000049.

Moretto, T. , N. Olsen, P. Ritter and G. Lu, 2002: Investigating the auroral electrojets with low altitude polar orbiting satellites. Ann. Geophys., 20, 1049-1061.

Motoba, T., T. Kikuchi, H. Lühr, H. Tachihara, T.-I. Kitamura, K. Hayashi and T. Okuzawa, 2002: Global Pc5 caused by a DP2-type ionospheric current system. J. Geophys. Res., 107, SMP 7-1-SMP 7-12.

Mravlag, E., 2002: Simultaneous observations of rapid changes in the range of radar backscatter in both hemispheres: Antarctic research. South African Journal of Science, 98, 269-272.

Nishino, M., K. Makita, K. Yumoto, F.S. Rodrigues, N.J. Schuch and M.A. Abdu, 2002: Unusual ionospheric absorption characterizing energetic electron precipitation into the South Atlantic Magnetic Anomaly. Earth, Planets and Space, 54, 907-916.

Ohtani, S., R. Yamaguchi, M. Nosé, H. Kawano, M. Engebretson and K. Yumoto, 2002: Quiet time magnetotail dynamics and their implications for the substorm trigger. J. Geophys. Res., 107, SMP 6-1-SMP 6-10.

Pajunpää, K., I. Lahti, B. Olafsdottir, T. Korja and BEAR Working Group, 2002: Crustal conductivity anomalies in central Sweden and southwestern Finland. Geophys. J. Int., 150, 695-705.

Pilipenko, V.A., O.V. Kozyreva, M.J. Engebretson, D.L. Detrick and S.N. Samsonov, 2002: Dynamics of long-period magnetic activity and energetic particle precipitation during the May 15, 1997 storm. J. Atmos. Solar-Terr. Phys., 64, 831-843.

Pirjola, R., 2002: Modelling the electric field at the seafloor due to a non-uniform ionospheric current. J. Appl. Geophys., 49, 3-16.

del Pozo, C.F., F. Honary, N. Stamatiou and M. J. Kosch, 2002: Study of auroral forms and electron precipitation with the IRIS, DASI and EISCAT systems. Ann. Geophys., 20, 1361-1375.

del Pozo, C.F., P.J.S. Williams, N.J. Gazey, P.N. Smith, F. Honary and M. Kosch, 2002: Multi-instrument observations of the dynamics of auroral arcs: a case study. J. Atmos. Solar-Terr. Phys., 64, 1601-1616.

Prikyl, P., G. Provan, K.A. McWilliams and T.K. Yeoman, 2002: Ionospheric cusp flows pulsed by solar wind Alfvén waves. Ann. Geophys., 20, 161-174.

Rosenqvist, L., E. Borälv, H.J. Opgenoorth and G. Reeves, 2002: Timing of Substorm Onset Signatures on the Ground and at Geostationary Orbit. Geophys. Res. Lett., 29 (12), 10.1029/2001GLO13939.

Ruohoniemi, J.M., S.G. Shepherd and R.A. Greenwald, 2002: The response of the high-latitude ionosphere to IMF variations. J. Atmos. Solar-Terr. Phys., 64, 159-171.

Sandholt, P.E. and C. J. Farrugia, 2002: Monitoring magnetosheath-magnetosphere interconnection topology from the aurora. Ann. Geophys., 20, 629-637.

Sandholt, P.E., C.J. Farrugia, M. Lester, S. Cowley, S. Milan, W.F. Denig, B. Lybekk, E. Trondsen and V. Vorobjev, 2002: Multistage substorm expansion: Auroral dynamics in relation to plasma sheet particle injection, precipitation, and plasma convection. J. Geophys. Res., 107(A11), 1342, doi:10.1029/2001JA900116.

Slivka, M. and K. Kudela, 2002: Proton fluxes in the neutral sheet: a case study by the DOK2 on Interball-1. Czechoslovak Journal of Physics, 52, 1357-1369.

Sutcliffe, P.R. and L.R. Lyons, 2002: Association between quiet-time Pi2 pulsations, poleward boundary intensifications, and plasma sheet particle fluxes. Geophys. Res. Lett., 29, 10.1029/2001GLO14430.

Takeuchi, T., C.T. Russell and T. Araki, 2002: Effect of the orientation of interplanetary shock on the geomagnetic sudden commencement. J. Geophys. Res., 107, 10.1029/2002JA009597.

Tanskanen, E., H.E.J. Koskinen, T.I. Pulkkinen, J.A. Slavin and K. Ogilvie, 2002: Dissipation to the Joule heating: isolated and stormtime substorms. Adv. Space Res., 30, 2305-2311.

Tanskanen, E., T.I. Pulkkinen, H.E.J. Koskinen and J.A. Slavin, 2002: Substorm energy budget during low and high solar activity: 1997 and 1999 compared. J. Geophys. Res., 107, A6, 10.1029/2001JA900153.

Vanyan, L.L., V.A. Kuznetsov, T.V. Lyubetskaya, N.A. Palshin, T. Korja, I. Lahti and the BEAR Working Group, 2002: Electrical Conductivity of the Crust beneath Central Lapland. Izvestiya, Physics of the Solid Earth, 38, 4-22.

Varentsov, I.M., M. Engels, T. Korja, M.Yu. Smirnov and the BEAR Working Group, 2002: A Generalized Geoelectric Model of Fennoscandia: A Challenging Database for Long-Period 3D Modeling Studies within the Baltic Electromagnetic Array Research (BEAR) Project. Izvestiya, Physics of the Solid Earth, 38, 64-105.

Vontrat-Reberac, A., J.-C. Cerisier, N. Sato and M. Lester, 2002: Noon ionospheric signatures of a sudden commencement following a solar wind pressure pulse. Ann. Geophys., 20, 639-645.

Weigel, R.S., D. Vassiliadis and A.J. Klimas, 2002: Coupling of the solar wind to temporal fluctuations in ground magnetic fields. Geophys. Res. Lett., 29, No. 19, 10.1029/2002GLO14740.

Woodfield, E.E., J.A. Davies, P. Eglitis and M. Lester, 2002: A case study of HF radar spectral width in the post midnight local time sector and its and its relationship to the polar cap boundary. Ann. Geophys., 20, 501-509.


Amm, O., A. Aikio, J.-M. Bosqued, M. Dunlop, A. Fazakerley, P. Janhunen, K. Kauristie, M. Lester, I. Sillanpää, M.G.G.T. Taylor, A. Vontrat-Reberac, K. Mursula and M. André, 2003: Mesoscale structure of a morning sector ionospheric shear flow region determined by conjugate Cluster II and MIRACLE ground-based observations. Ann. Geophys., 21, 1737-1751.

Blagoveshchensky, D. V., O.A. Maltseva and A.S. Rodger, 2003: Ionosphere dynamics over Europe and western Asia during magnetospheric substorms 1998-99. Ann. Geophys., 21, 1141-1151.

Dent, Z., I.R. Mann, F.W. Menk, J. Goldstein, C.R. Wilford, M.A. Clilverd and L.G. Ozeke, 2003: A coordinated ground-based and IMAGE satellite study of quiet-time plasmaspheric density profiles. Geophys. Res. Lett., 30(12), 10.1029/2003GL016946.

Denton, R.E., M.R. Lessard and L.M. Kistler, 2003: Radial localization of magnetospheric guided poloidal Pc 4-5 waves. J. Geophys. Res., 108(A3), 10.1029/2002JA009679.

Dubyagin, S.V., V.A. Sergeev, C.W. Carlson, S.R. Marple, T.I. Pulkkinen and A.G. Yahnin, 2003: Evidence of near-Earth breakup location. Geophys. Res. Lett., 30, 1282, doi:10.1029/2002GL016569.

Farrugia, C.J., P.E. Sandholt, N.C. Maynard, R.B. Torbert and D.M. Ober, 2003: Temporal variations in a four-sheet field-aligned current system and associated aurorae as observed during a Polar-ground magnetic conjunction in the midmorning sector. J. Geophys. Res., 108(A6), 10.1029/2002JA009619.

Fraser, B.J., 2003: Recent developments in magnetospheric diagnostics using ULF waves. Space Sci. Rev., 107, 149-156.

Grocott, A., S.W.H. Cowley and J.B. Sigwarth, 2003: Ionospheric flow during extended intervals of northward but By -dominated IMF. Ann. Geophys., 21, 509-538.

Hughes, J.M. and W.A. Bristow, 2003: SuperDARN observations of the Harang discontinuity during steady magnetospheric convection. J. Geophys. Res., 108(A5), 10.1029/2002JA009681.

Kauristie, K., V.A. Sergeev, O. Amm, M.V. Kubyshkina, J. Jussila, E. Donovan and K. Liou, 2003: Bursty bulk flow intrusion to the inner plasma sheet as inferred from auroral observations. J. Geophys. Res., 108(A1), 1040, 10.1029/2002JA009371.

Kikuchi, T., K.K. Hashimoto, T.-I. Kitamura, H. Tachihara and B. Fejer, 2003: Equatorial counterelectrojets during substorms. J. Geophys. Res., 108(A11), 1406, 10.1029/2003JA009915.

Kleimenova, N.G., O.V. Kozyreva, J.-J. Schott, M. Bitterly, J. Bitterly and P. Ivanova, 2003: Dayside geomagnetic Pc5 pulsations in the conditions of a strongly disturbed solar wind during the magnetic storm of 21 February 1994. Int. J. Geomagn. Aeron., 3, 229-244.

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Kornilova T.A., I.A. Kornilov, M.I. Pudovkin and O.I. Kornilov, 2003: Behavior of diffuse luminosity during the substorm growth phase. Int. J. Geomagn. Aeron., 4, 11-21.

Kozlovsky, A.E., V.V. Safargaleev, J.R.T. Jussila and A.V. Koustov, 2003: Pre-noon high-latitude auroral arcs as a manifestation of the interchange instability. Ann. Geophys., 21, 2303-2314.

Lee, D.-H. and S.-K. Sung, 2003: Propagation of sudden impulses in a dipolar magnetosphere. Journal of The Korean Astronomical Society, 36, 101-107.

Liu, Y.H., B.J. Fraser, R.Y. Liu and P.V. Ponomarenko, 2003: Conjugate studies of ULF waves in the Pc5 band near the cusp. J. Geophys. Res., 108(A7), 10.1029/2002JA009336.

Menk, F.W., T.K. Yeoman, D.M. Wright, M. Lester and F. Honary, 2003: High-latitude observations of impulse-driven ULF pulsations in the ionosphere and on the ground. Ann. Geophys., 21, 559-576.

Motoba, T. Kikuchi, T. Okuzawa and K. Yumoto, 2003: Dynamical response of the magnetosphere-ionosphere system to a solar wind dynamic pressure oscillation. J. Geophys. Res., 108(A5), 10.1029/2002JA009696.

Mühlbachler, S., C.J. Farrugia, H.K. Biernat and R.B. Torbert, 2003: The geostationary field during dayside erosion events 1996-2001: A joint Wind, ACE, and GOES study. J. Geophys. Res., 108, 1418, doi:10.1029/2003JA009833, A12.

Nosé, M., K. Takahashi, T. Uozumi, K. Yumoto, Y. Miyoshi, A. Morioka, D.K. Milling, P.R. Sutcliffe, H. Matsumoto, T. Goka and H. Nakata, 2003: Multipoint observations of a Pi2 pulsation on morningside: The 20 September 1995 event. J. Geophys. Res., 108(A5), 10.1029/2002JA009747.

O'Brien, T.P., K.R. Lorentzen, I.R. Mann, N.P. Meredith, J.B. Blake, J.F. Fennell, M.D. Looper, D.K. Milling and R.R. Anderson, 2003: Energization of relativistic electrons in the presence of ULF power and MeV microbursts: Evidence for dual ULF and VLF acceleration. J. Geophys. Res., 108(A8), 1329, doi:10.1029/2002JA009784.

Partamies, N., O. Amm, K. Kauristie, T.I. Pulkkinen and E. Tanskanen, 2003: A pseudo-breakup observation: Localized current wedge across the postmidnight auroral oval. J. Geophys. Res., 108(A1), 1020, 10.1029/2002JA009276.

Perraut, S., O. Le Contel, A. Roux, G. Parks, D. Chua, M. Hoshimo, T. Mukai and T. Nagai, 2003: Substorm expansion phase: Observations from Geotail, Polar and IMAGE network. J. Geophys. Res., 108, 1159, 10.1029/2002JA009376.

Pitout, F., P. Eglitis and P.-L. Blelly, 2003: High-latitude dayside ionosphere response to Pc5 field line resonance. Ann. Geophys., 21, 1509-1520.

Pulkkinen, A., O. Amm, A. Viljanen and BEAR Working Group, 2003: Separation of the geomagnetic variation field into external and internal parts using the spherical elementary current system method. Earth, Planets and Space, 55, 117-129.

Pulkkinen, A., O. Amm, A. Viljanen and BEAR Working Group, 2003: Ionospheric equivalent current distributions determined with the method of spherical elementary current systems. J. Geophys. Res., 108, 10.1029/2001JA005085.

Pulkkinen, A., A. Thomson, E. Clarke and A. McKay, 2003: April 2000 geomagnetic storm: ionospheric drivers of large geomagnetically induced currents. Ann. Geophys., 21, 709-717.

Pulkkinen, T.I., E.I. Tanskanen, M. Wiltberger, J.A. Slavin, T. Nagai, G.D. Reeves, L.A. Frank and J.B. Sigwarth, 2003: Magnetotail flows can consume as much solar wind energy as a substorm. J. Geophys. Res., 108(A8), doi: 10.1029/2001JA009132.

Sandholt, P.E., J. Moen, C.J. Farrugia, S.W.H. Cowley, M. Lester, S.E. Milan, C. Valladares, W.F. Denig and S. Eriksson, 2003: Multi-site observations of the association between aurora and plasma convection in the cusp/polar cap during a southeastward (By ~ |Bz|) IMF orientation. Ann. Geophys., 21, 539-558.

Senior, A. and F. Honary, 2003: Observations of the spatial structure of electron precipitation pulsations using an imaging riometer. Ann. Geophys., 21, 997-1003, doi:10.5194/angeo-21-997-2003.

Sergeev, V., A. Runov, W. Baumjohann, R. Nakamura, T.L. Zhang, M. Volwerk, A. Balogh, H. Rème, J.A. Sauvaud, M. André and B. Klecker, 2003: Current sheet flapping motion and structure observed by Cluster. Geophys. Res. Lett., 30, 10.1029/2002GL016500.

Vanhamäki, H., O. Amm and A. Viljanen, 2003: One-dimensional upward continuation of the ground magnetic field disturbance using spherical elementary current systems. Earth, Planets and Space, 55, 613-625.

Varentsov, I.M., E.Y. Sokolova and the BEAR Working Group, 2003: Diagnostics and Suppression of Auroral Distortions in the Transfer Operators of the Electromagnetic Field in the BEAR Experiment. Izvestiya, Physics of the Solid Earth, 39, 283-307.

Voronkov, I.O., E.F. Donovan and J.C. Samson, 2003: Observations of the phases of the substorm. J. Geophys. Res., 108(A2), 1073, doi:10.1029/2002JA009314.

Weigel, R.S., A.J. Klimas and D. Vassiliadis, 2003: Solar wind coupling to and predictability of ground magnetic fields and their time derivatives. J. Geophys. Res., 108, 10.1029/2002JA009627.

Wright, D.M., J.A. Davies, T.K. Yeoman, T.R. Robinson, S.R. Cash, E. Kolesnikova, M. Lester, P.J. Chapman, R.J. Strangeway, R.B. Horne, M.T. Rietveld and C.W. Carlson, 2003: Detection of artificially generated ULF waves by the FAST spacecraft and its application to the "tagging" of narrow flux tubes. J. Geophys. Res., 108(A2), 1090, doi:10.1029/2002JA009483.

Zhou, X.-Y., R.J. Strangeway, P.C. Anderson, D.G. Sibeck, B.T. Tsurutani, G. Haerendel, H.U. Frey and J.K. Arballo, 2003: Shock aurora: FAST and DMSP observations. J. Geophys. Res., 108, 10.1029/2002JA009701.


Aikio, A.T., K. Mursula, S. Buchert, F. Forme, O. Amm, G. Marklund, M. Dunlop, D. Fontaine, A. Vaivads and A. Fazakerley, 2004: Temporal evolution of two auroral arcs as measured by the Cluster satellite and coordinated ground-based instruments. Ann. Geophys., 22, 4089-4101.

Aksnes, A., J. Stadsnes, G. Lu, N. Østgaard, R. Vondrak, D. Detrick, T. Rosenberg, G. Germany and M. Schulz, 2004: Effects of energetic electrons on the electrodynamics in the ionosphere. Ann. Geophys., 22, 475-496.

Apatenkov, S.V., V.A. Sergeev, R. Pirjola and A. Viljanen, 2004: Evaluation of the geometry of ionospheric current systems related to rapid geomagnetic variations. Ann. Geophys., 22, 63-72.

Baker, J.B.H., R.A. Greenwald, J.M. Ruohoniemi, M. Förster, G. Paschmann, E.F. Donovan, N.A. Tsyganenko, J.M. Quinn and A. Balogh, 2004: Conjugate comparison of Super Dual Auroral Radar Network and Cluster electron drift instrument measurements of ExB plasma drift. J. Geophys. Res., 109, 10.1029/2003JA009912.

Draper, N.C., M. Lester, J.A. Wild, S.E. Milan, G. Provan, A. Grocott, S.W.H. Cowley, Y. Bogdanova, J.P. Dewhurst, A.N. Fazakerley, J.A. Davies and J.-M. Bosqued, 2004: A joint Cluster and ground-based instruments study of two magnetospheric substorm events on 1 September 2002. Ann. Geophys., 22, 4217-4228.

Grocott, A., T.K. Yeoman, R. Nakamura, S.W.H. Cowley, H.U. Frey, H. Rème and B. Klecker, 2004: Multi-instrument observations of the ionospheric counterpart of a bursty bulk flow in the near-Earth plasma sheet. Ann. Geophys., 22, 1061-1075.

Haerendel, G., E. Georgescu, K.H. Glassmeier, B. Klecker, Y.V. Bogdanova, H. Rème and H. Frey, 2004: Cluster observes formation of high-beta plasma blobs. Ann. Geophys., 22, 2391-2401, doi:10.5194/angeo-22-2391-2004.

Lorentzen, D.A., N. Shumilov and J. Moen, 2004: Drifting airglow patches in relation to tail reconnection. Geophys. Res. Lett., 31, L02806, doi:10.1029/2003GL017785.

Makarevitch, R.A., F. Honary and A.V. Koustov, 2004: Simultaneous HF measurements of E- and F-region Doppler velocities at large flow angles. Ann. Geophys., 22, 1177-1185.

Makarevitch, R.A., F. Honary, A.V. Koustov and M.V. Uspensky, 2004: Meridional motions of the afternoon radar aurora, auroral electrojets, and absorption patches under variable IMF conditions. Ann. Geophys., 22, 1649-1664.

Makarevitch, R.A., F. Honary, I.W. McCrea and V.S.C. Howells, 2004: Imaging riometer observations of drifting absorption patches in the morning sector. Ann. Geophys., 22, 3461-3478.

Mann, I.R., T.P. O'Brien and D.K. Milling, 2004: Correlations between ULF wave power, solar wind speed, and relativistic electron flux in the magnetosphere: solar cycle dependence. J. Atmos. Solar-Terr. Phys., 66, 187-198.

Marchaudon, A., J.-C. Cerisier, O. Amm, C.W. Carlson and G.K. Parks, 2004: Quantitative modelling of the closure of meso-scale parallel currents in the nightside ionosphere. Ann. Geophys., 22, 125-140.

Mathews, J.T., I.R. Mann, I.J. Rae and J. Moen, 2004: Multi-instrument observations of ULF wave-driven discrete auroral arcs propagating sunward and equatorward from the poleward boundary of the duskside auroral oval. Phys. Plasmas 11, 1250, doi:10.1063/1.1647137.

Menk, F.W., I.R. Mann, A.J. Smith, C.L. Waters, M.A. Clilverd and D.K. Milling, 2004: Monitoring the plasmapause using geomagnetic field line resonances. J. Geophys. Res., 109, A04216, doi:10.1029/2003JA010097.

Nishitani, N., M. Lester, S.E. Milan, T. Ogawa, N. Sato, H. Yamagishi, A.S. Yukimatu and F.J. Rich, 2004: Unusual ionospheric echoes with high velocity and very low spectral width observed by the SuperDARN radars in the polar cap during high geomagnetic activity. J. Geophys. Res., 109, A02311, doi:10.1029/2003JA010048.

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Pitout, F., C.P. Escoubet and E.A. Lucek, 2004: Ionospheric plasma density structures associated with magnetopause motion: a case study using the Cluster spacecraft and the EISCAT Svalbard Radar. Ann. Geophys., 22, 2369-2379.

Ritter, P., H. Lühr, A. Viljanen and S. Maus, 2004: High-latitude ionospheric currents during very quiet times: their characteristics and predictability. Ann. Geophys., 22, 2001-2014.

Ritter, P., H. Lühr, A. Viljanen, O. Amm, A. Pulkkinen and I. Sillanpää, 2004: Ionospheric currents estimated simultaneously from CHAMP satellite and IMAGE ground-based magnetic field measurements: a statistical study at auroral latitudes. Ann. Geophys., 22, 417-430.

Safargaleev, V., A. Serebryanskaya, A. Koustov, M. Lester, E. Pchelkina and A. Vasilyev, 2004: A possible origin of dayside Pc1 magnetic pulsations observed at high latitudes. Ann. Geophys., 22, 2997-3008.

Sandholt, P.E., C.J. Farrugia and W.F. Denig, 2004: Dayside aurora and the role of IMF: detailed morphology and response to magnetopause reconnection. Ann. Geophys., 22, 613-628.

Sandholt, P.E., C.J. Farrugia and W.F. Denig, 2004: Detailed dayside auroral morphology as a function of local time for southeast IMF orientation: implications for solar wind-magnetosphere coupling. Ann. Geophys., 22, 3537-3560.

Sarafopoulos, D.V., 2004: Distinct solar wind pressure pulses producing convection twin-vortex systems in the ionosphere. Ann. Geophys., 22, 2201-2211.

Sarafopoulos, D.V., 2004: Repetitive X-line Hall current structures over the dawnside ionosphere induced by successive exo-magnetospheric pressure pulses. Ann. Geophys., 22, 4153-4163.

Sauvaud, J.-A., P. Louarn, G. Fruit, H. Stenuit, C. Vallat, J. Dandouras, H. Rème, M. André, A. Balogh, M. Dunlop, L. Kistler, E. Möbius, C. Mouikis, B. Klecker, G.K. Parks, J. McFadden, C. Carlson, F. Marcucci, G. Pallocchia, R. Lundin, A. Korth and M. McCarthy, 2004: Case studies of the dynamics of ionospheric ions in the Earth's magnetotail. J. Geophys. Res., 109, 10.1029/2003JA009996.

Sillanpää, I., H. Lühr, A. Viljanen and P. Ritter, 2004: Quiet-time magnetic variations at high latitude observatories. Earth, Planets and Space, 56, 47-65.

Solovyev, S.I., A.V. Moiseyev, V.A. Mullayarov, A. Du, M. Engebretson and L. Newitt, 2004: Global Geomagnetic Response to a Sharp Compression of the Magnetosphere and IMF Variations on October 29, 2003. Cosmic Research, 42, 597-606.

Solovyev, S.I., V.A. Mullayarov, D.G. Baishev, E.S. Barkova and S.N. Samsonov, 2004: Amplitude Modulation of VLF Emission and Absorption of Cosmic Noise by Pc5 Geomagnetic Pulsations in the Period of Geomagnetic Storms on October 30-31, 2003. Cosmic Research, 42, 607-613.

Viljanen, A., A. Pulkkinen, O. Amm, R. Pirjola, T. Korja and BEAR Working Group, 2004: Fast computation of the geoelectric field using the method of elementary current systems and planar Earth models. Ann. Geophys., 22, 101-113.

Volwerk, M., K.-H. Glassmeier, A. Runov, R. Nakamura, W. Baumjohann, B. Klecker, I. Richter, A. Balogh, H. Rème and K. Yumoto, 2004: Flow burst-induced large-scale plasma sheet oscillation. J. Geophys. Res., 109, A11208, doi:10.1029/2004JA010533.

Wang, C.-P., L.R. Lyons, T. Nagai and J.C. Samson, 2004: Midnight radial profiles of the quiet and growth-phase plasma sheet: The Geotail observations. J. Geophys. Res., 109, A12201, doi:10.1029/2004JA010590.


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Aksnes, A., O. Amm, J. Stadsnes, N. Østgaard, G. A. Germany, R. R. Vondrak and I. Sillanpää, 2005: Ionospheric conductances derived from satellite measurements of auroral UV and X-ray emissions, and ground-based electromagnetic data: a comparison. Ann. Geophys., 23, 343-358.

Amm, O., A. Aksnes, J. Stadsnes, N. Østgaard, R.R. Vondrak, G.A. Germany, G. Lu and A. Viljanen, 2005: Mesoscale ionospheric electrodynamics of omega bands determined from ground-based electromagnetic and satellite optical observations. Ann. Geophys., 23, 325-342.

Amm, O., E.F. Donovan, H. Frey, M. Lester, R. Nakamura, J.A. Wild, A. Aikio, M. Dunlop, K. Kauristie, A. Marchaudon, I.W. McCrea, H.J. Opgenoorth and A. Strømme, 2005: Coordinated studies of the geospace environment using Cluster, satellite and ground-based data: an interim review. Ann. Geophys., 23, 2129-2170.

Aruliah, A.L., E.M. Griffin, A.D. Aylward, E.A.K. Ford, M.J. Kosch, C.J. Davis, V.S.C. Howells, S.E. Pryse, H.R. Middleton and J. Jussila, 2005: First direct evidence of meso-scale variability on ion-neutral dynamics using co-located tristatic FPIs and EISCAT radar in Northern Scandinavia. Ann. Geophys., 23, 147-162.

Baddeley, L.J., T.K. Yeoman and D.M. Wright, 2005: HF doppler sounder measurements of the ionospheric signatures of small scale ULF waves. Ann. Geophys., 23, 1807-1820.

Blagoveshchenskaya, N.F., T.D. Borisova, V.A. Kornienko, B. Thide, M.T. Rietveld, M.J. Kosch and T. Bösinger, 2005: Phenomena in the ionosphere-magnetosphere system induced by injection of powerful HF radio waves into nightside auroral ionosphere. Ann. Geophys., 23, 87-100.

Blelly, P.-L., C. Lathuillère, B. Emery, J. Lilensten, J. Fontanari and D. Alcaydé, 2005: An extended TRANSCAR model including ionospheric convection: simulation of EISCAT observations using inputs from AMIE. Ann. Geophys., 23, 419-431, doi:10.5194/angeo-23-419-2005.

Borälv, E., H.J. Opgenoorth, K. Kauristie, M. Lester, J.-M. Bosqued, J.P. Dewhurst, C.J. Owen, M. Dunlop, J A. Slavin, A. Fazakerley and C. Perry, 2005: Correlation between ground-based observations of substorm signatures and magnetotail dynamics. Ann. Geophys., 23, 997-1011.

Dmitriev, A. V., N.B. Crosby and J.-K. Chao, 2005: Interplanetary sources of space weather disturbances in 1997 to 2000. Space Weather, 3, S03001, doi:10.1029/2004SW000104.

Du, A., W.Sun, W.Xu and X. Gao, 2005: The frequency variation of Pc5 ULF waves during a magnetic storm. Earth, Planets and Space, 57, 619-625.

Fraser, B.J., J.L. Horwitz, J.A. Slavin, Z.C. Dent and I.R. Mann, 2005: Heavy ion mass loading of the geomagnetic field near the plasmapause and ULF wave implications. Geophys. Res. Lett., 32, L04102, doi:10.1029/2004GL021315.

Howard, T.A. and F.W. Menk, 2005: Ground observations of high-latitude Pc3-4 ULF waves. J. Geophys. Res., 110, A04205, doi:10.1029/2004JA010417.

Kappenman, J.G., 2005: An overview of the impulsive geomagnetic field disturbances and power grid impacts associated with the violent Sun-Earth connection events of 29-31 October 2003 and a comparative evaluation with other contemporary storms. Space Weather, 3, S08C01, doi:10.1029/2004SW000128.

Kim, K.-H., K. Takahashi, D.-H. Lee, P.R. Sutcliffe and K. Yumoto, 2005: Pi2 pulsations associated with poleward boundary intensifications during the absence of substorms. J. Geophys. Res., 110, doi:10.1029/2004JA010780.

Kleimenova, N.G., O.V. Kozyreva, J. Manninen and A. Ranta, 2005: Unusual strong quasi-monochromatic ground Pc5 geomagnetic pulsations in the recovery phase of November 2003 superstorm. Ann. Geophys., 23, 2621-2634.

Kozlovsky, A., V. Safargaleev, N. Østgaard, T. Turunen, A. Koustov, J. Jussila and A. Roldugin, 2005: On the motion of dayside auroras caused by a solar wind pressure pulse. Ann. Geophys., 23, 509-521.

Lahti, I., T. Korja, P. Kaikkonen, K. Vaittinen and BEAR Working Group, 2005: Decomposition analysis of the BEAR magnetotelluric data: implications for the upper mantle conductivity in the Fennoscandian Shield. Geophys. J. Int., 163, 900-914, doi: 10.1111/j.1365-246X.2005.02744.x.

Makarevitch, R.A. and F. Honary, 2005: Correlation between cosmic noise absorption and VHF coherent echo intensity. Ann. Geophys., 23, 1543-1553.

Meurant, M., J.-C. Gérard, C. Blockx, V. Coumans, B. Hubert, M. Connors, L.R. Lyons and E. Donovan, 2005: Comparison of intense nightside shock-induced precipitation and substorm activity. J. Geophys. Res., 110, A07228, doi:10.1029/2004JA010916.

Miyashita, Y., Y. Miyoshi, Y. Matsumoto, A. Ieda, Y. Kamide, M. Nosé, S. Machida, H. Hayakawa, R.W. McEntire, S.P. Christon, D.S. Evans and O.A. Troshichev, 2005: Geotail observations of signatures in the near-Earth magnetotail for the extremely intense substorms of the 30 October 2003 storm. J. Geophys. Res., 110, A09S25, doi:10.1029/2005JA011070.

Mühlbachler, S., C.J. Farrugia, J. Raeder, H.K. Biernat and R.B. Torbert, 2005: A statistical investigation of dayside magnetosphere erosion showing saturation of response. J. Geophys. Res., 110, A11207, doi:10.1029/2005JA011177.

Nakamura, R., O. Amm, H. Laakso, N.C. Draper, M. Lester, A. Grocott, B. Klecker, I.W. McCrea, A. Balogh, H. Rème and M. André, 2005: Localized fast flow disturbance observed in the plasma sheet and in the ionosphere. Ann. Geophys., 23, 553-566.

Nakamura, R., W. Baumjohann, T.L. Zhang, C.M. Carr, A. Balogh, K-H. Fornacon, E. Georgescu, H. Rème, I. Dandouras, T. Takada, M. Volwerk, Y. Asano, A. Runov, H. Eichelberger, B. Klecker, C. Mouikis, L.M. Kistler and O. Amm, 2005: Cluster and Double Star observations of dipolarization. Ann. Geophys., 23, 2915-2920.

Nilsson, H., A. Kozlovsky, T. Sergienko and A. Kotikov, 2005: Radar observations in the vicinity of pre-noon auroral arcs. Ann. Geophys., 23, 1785-1796.

Parkhomov, V.A., M.O. Riazantseva and G.N. Zastenker, 2005: Local amplification of auroral electrojet as a response to a sharp solar wind pressure pulse. Planet. Space Sci., 53, 265-274.

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Pulkkinen, A. and M. Engels, 2005: The role of 3-D geomagnetic induction in the determination of the ionospheric currents from the ground geomagnetic data. Ann. Geophys., 23, 909-917.

Pulkkinen, A., S. Lindahl, A. Viljanen and R. Pirjola, 2005: October 29-31, 2003 geomagnetic storm: geomagnetically induced currents and their relation to problems in the Swedish high-voltage power transmission system. Space Weather, 3, S08C03, doi: 10.1029/2004SW000123.

Rae, I.J., E.F. Donovan, I.R. Mann, F.R. Fenrich, C.E.J. Watt, D.K. Milling, M. Lester, B. Lavraud, J.A. Wild, H.J. Singer, H. Rème and A. Balogh, 2005: Evolution and characteristics of global Pc5 ULF waves during a high solar wind speed interval. J. Geophys. Res., 110, A12211, doi:10.1029/2005JA011007.

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Safargaleev, V., T. Sergienko, H. Nilsson, A. Kozlovsky, S. Massetti, S. Osipenko and A. Kotikov, 2005: Combined optical, EISCAT and magnetic observations of the omega bands/Ps6 pulsations and an auroral torch in the late morning hours: a case study. Ann. Geophys., 23, 1821-1838.

Sakurai, T. and Y. Tonegawa, 2005: Extreme magnetic field variations during the October 2003 superstorm. Adv. Polar Upper Atmos. Res., 19, 21-41.

Sarafopoulos, D.V., 2005: Pseudo-field line resonances in ground Pc5 pulsation events. Ann. Geophys., 23, 593-608.

Sarafopoulos, D.V., 2005: A case study testing the cavity mode model of the magnetosphere. Ann. Geophys., 23, 1867-1880.

Sarafopoulos, D.V., 2005: Cases for which the Earth's magnetosphere does not act as a "low-pass filter". J. Atmos. Solar-Terr. Phys., 67, 1427-1442.

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Kornilova, T.A., I.A. Kornilov and O.I. Kornilov, 2006: Auroral Intensification Structure and Dynamics in the Double Oval: Substorm of December 26, 2000. Geomagn. Aeron., 46, 450-456.

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Kozlovsky, A.E., H. Nilsson and V.V. Safargaleev, 2006: Complex Study of the Auroral Arc Dynamics and Ionospheric Plasma Convection in Prenoon Hours. Geomagn. Aeron., 46, 473-484.

Kozyreva, O.V., N.G. Kleimenova, T.A. Kornilova, K. Kauristie, J. Manninen and A. Ranta, 2006: Unusual Spatial-Temporal Dynamics of Geomagnetic Disturbances during the Main Phase of the Extremely Strong Magnetic Storm of November 7-8, 2004. Geomagn. Aeron., 46, 580-592.

Lotoaniu, T.M., I.R. Mann, L.G. Ozeke, A.A. Chan, Z.C. Dent and D.K. Milling, 2006: Radial diffusion of relativistic electrons into the radiation belt slot region during the 2003 Halloween geomagnetic storms. J. Geophys. Res., 111, A04218, doi:10.1029/2005JA011355.

Loutchenko, L.N. and O.M. Raspopov, 2006: Extreme solar events and magnetic storms in October 2003 and their manifestations in the midlatitude ionosphere. Int. J. Geomagn. Aeron., 6, GI2009, doi:10.1029/2005GI000108.

Makarevich, R.A., F. Honary, V.S.C. Howells, A.V. Koustov, S.E. Milan, J.A. Davies, A. Senior, I.W. McCrea and P.L. Dyson, 2006: A first comparison of irregularity and ion drift velocity measurements in the E-region. Ann. Geophys., 24, 2375-2389.

Mann, I.R., K.G. Balmain, J.B. Blake, D. Boteler, S. Bourdarie, J.H. Clemmons, Z.C. Dent, A.W. Degeling, R. Fedosejeves, J.F. Fennell, B.J. Fraser, J.C. Green, V.K. Jordanova, A. Kale, L.M. Kistler, D.J. Knudsen, M.R. Lessard, T.M. Lotoaniu, D.K. Milling, T.P. O'Brien, T.G. Onsager, L.G. Ozeke, I.J. Rae, R. Rankin, G.D. Reeves, A.J. Ridley, G.J. Sofko, D. Summers, I. Thomson, R.M. Thorne, Y.Y. Tsui, C. Unick, D. Vassiliadis, J.R. Wygant and A.W. Yau, 2006: The outer radiation belt injection, transport, acceleration and loss satellite (ORBITALS): A canadian small satellite mission for ILWS. Adv. Space Res., 38, 1838-1860.

Parkhomov, V.A., A.V. Moldavanov and B. Tsegmed, 2006: On two different geomagnetic manifestations of solar flare November 4, 2003. J. Atmos. Solar-Terr. Phys., 68, 1370-1382.

Potapov, A., A. Guglielmi, B. Tsegmed and J. Kultima, 2006: Global Pc5 event during 29-31 October 2003 magnetic storm. Adv. Space Res., 38, 1582-1586.

Pulkkinen, T.I., N.Y. Ganushkina, E.I. Tanskanen, M. Kubyshkina, G.D. Reeves, M.F. Thomsen, C.T. Russell, H.J. Singer, J.A. Slavin and J. Gjerloev, 2006: Magnetospheric current systems during stormtime sawtooth events. J. Geophys. Res., 111, A11S17, doi:10.1029/2006JA011627.

Pulkkinen, A., A. Klimas, D. Vassiliadis, V. Uritsky and E. Tanskanen, 2006: Spatiotemporal scaling properties of the ground geomagnetic field variations. J. Geophys. Res., Vol. 111, No. A3, A03305, doi:10.1029/2005JA011294.

Pulkkinen, A., A. Viljanen and R. Pirjola, 2006: Estimation of geomagnetically induced current levels from different input data. Space Weather, 4, S08005, doi:10.1029/2006SW000229.

Rosenqvist, L., S. Buchert, H. Opgenoorth, A. Vaivads and G. Lu, 2006: Magnetospheric energy budget during huge geomagnetic activity using Cluster and ground-based data. J. Geophys. Res., 111, A10211, doi:10.1029/2006JA011608.

Sandholt, P.E. and C.J. Farrugia, 2006: Spatiotemporal structure of the reconnecting magnetosphere under By-dominated interplanetary magnetic cloud conditions. J. Geophys. Res., 111, A10209, doi:10.1029/2005JA011514.

Sætre, C., C.A. Barth, J. Stadsnes, N. Østgaard, S.M. Bailey, D.N. Baker and J.W. Gjerloev, 2006: Comparisons of electron energy deposition derived from observations of lower thermospheric nitric oxide and from X-ray bremsstrahlung measurements. J. Geophys. Res., 111, A04302, doi:10.1029/2005JA011391.

Scoffield, H.C., T.K. Yeoman, T.R. Robinson, L.J. Baddeley, R.S. Dhillon, D.M. Wright, T. Raita and T. Turunen, 2006: First results of artificial stimulation of the ionospheric Alfven resonator at 78 N. Geophys. Res. Lett., 33, L19103, doi:10.1029/2006GL027384.

Sung, S.-K., K.-H. Kim, D.-H. Lee, K. Takahashi, C.A. Cattell, M. André, Y.V. Khotyaintsev and A. Balogh, 2006: Simultaneous ground-based and satellite observations of Pc5 geomagnetic pulsations: A case study using multipoint measurements. Earth, Planets and Space, 58, 873-883.

Viljanen, A., E.I. Tanskanen and A. Pulkkinen, 2006: Relation between substorm characteristics and rapid temporal variations of the ground magnetic field. Ann. Geophys., 24, 725-733.

Wang, H., S.Y. Ma, H. Lühr, Z.X. Liu, Z.Y. Pu, C.P. Escoubet, H.U. Frey, H. Rème and P. Ritter, 2006: Global manifestations of a substorm onset observed by a multi-satellite and ground station network. Ann. Geophys., 24, 3491-3496.


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Green, D.L., C.L. Waters, H. Korth, B.J. Anderson, A.J. Ridley and R.J. Barnes, 2007: Technique: Large-scale ionospheric conductance estimated from combined satellite and ground-based electromagnetic data. J. Geophys. Res., 112, A05303, doi:10.1029/2006JA012069.

Grew, R.S., F.W. Menk, M.A. Clilverd and B.R. Sandel, 2007:, Mass and electron densities in the inner magnetosphere during a prolonged disturbed interval. Geophys. Res. Lett., 34, L02108, doi:10.1029/2006GL028254.

Grocott, A., T.K. Yeoman, S.E. Milan, O. Amm, H.U. Frey, L. Juusola, R. Nakamura, C.J. Owen, H. Rème and T. Takada, 2007: Multi-scale observations of magnetotail flux transport during IMF-northward non-substorm intervals. Ann. Geophys., 25, 1709-1720,

Heilig, B., H. Lühr and M. Rother, 2007: Comprehensive study of ULF upstream waves observed in the topside ionosphere by CHAMP and on the ground. Ann. Geophys., 25, 737-754, 2007,

Hubert, B., K. Kauristie, O. Amm, S.E. Milan, A. Grocott, S.W.H. Cowley and T.I. Pulkkinen, 2007: Auroral streamers and magnetic flux closure. Geophys. Res. Lett., 34, L15105, doi:10.1029/2007GL030580.

Juusola, L., O. Amm, K. Kauristie and A. Viljanen, 2007: A model for estimating the relation between the Hall to Pedersen conductance ratio and ground magnetic data derived from CHAMP satellite statistics. Ann. Geophys., 25, 721-736.

Kale, Z.C., I.R. Mann, C.L. Waters, J. Goldstein, F.W. Menk and L.G. Ozeke, 2007: Ground magnetometer observation of a cross-phase reversal at a steep plasmapause. J. Geophys. Res., 112, A10222, doi:10.1029/2007JA012367.

Kleimenova, N.G. and O. V. Kozyreva, 2007: Daytime Quasiperiodic Geomagnetic Pulsations during the Recovery Phase of the Strong Magnetic Storm of May 15, 2005. Geomagn. Aeron., 47, 580-587.

Lazutin, L.L., T.V. Kozelova, N.P. Meredith, M. Danielides, B.V. Kozelov, J. Jussila and A. Korth, 2007: Studies of the Substorm on March 12, 1991: 1. Structure of Substorm Activity and Auroral Ions. Cosmic Research, 45, 27-38.

Lee, E.A., I.R. Mann, T. Lotoaniu and Z.C. Dent, 2007: Global Pc5 pulsations observed at unusually low L during the great magnetic storm of 24 March 1991. J. Geophys. Res., 112, A05208, doi:10.1029/2006JA011872.

Levitin, A. E., L.I. Gromova, L. A. Dremukhina and N.A. Palshin, 2007: Analysis of High-Latitude Current Systems during the BEAR Experiment Based on the IZMEM Model. Geomagn. Aeron., 47, 330-335.

Longden, N., F. Honary, A.J. Kavanagh and J. Manninen, 2007: The driving mechanisms of particle precipitation during the moderate geomagnetic storm of 7 January 2005. Ann. Geophys., 25, 2053-2068.

Morley, S.K., M.P. Freeman and E.I. Tanskanen, 2007: A comparison of the probability distribution of observed substorm magnitude with that predicted by a minimal substorm model. Ann. Geophys., 25, 2427-2437,

Mursula, K., 2007: Satellite observations of Pc 1 pearl waves: The changing paradigm. J. Atmos. Solar-Terr. Phys., 69, 1623-1634.

Palmroth, M., N. Partamies, J. Polvi, T.I. Pulkkinen, D.J. McComas, R.J. Barnes, P. Stauning, C.W. Smith, H.J. Singer and R. Vainio, 2007: Solar wind-magnetosphere coupling efficiency for solar wind pressure impulses. Geophys. Res. Lett., 34, L11101, doi:10.1029/2006GL029059.

Pulkkinen, A., M. Hesse, M. Kuznetsova and L. Rastätter, 2007: First-principles modeling of geomagnetically induced electromagnetic fields and currents from upstream solar wind to the surface of the Earth. Ann. Geophys., 25, 881-893,

Pulkkinen, T.I., N. Partamies, R.L. McPherron, M. Henderson, G.D. Reeves, M.F. Thomsen and H.J. Singer, 2007: Comparative statistical analysis of storm time activations and sawtooth events. J. Geophys. Res., 112, A01205, doi:10.1029/2006JA012024.

Pulkkinen, A., R. Pirjola and A. Viljanen, 2007: Determination of ground conductivity and system parameters for optimal modeling of geomagnetically induced current flow in technological systems. Earth, Planets and Space, 59, 999-1006.

Sandholt, P.E. and C.J. Farrugia, 2007: Role of poleward moving auroral forms in the dawn-dusk auroral precipitation asymmetries induced by IMF By. J. Geophys. Res., 112, A04203, doi:10.1029/2006JA011952.

Sætre, C., C.A. Barth, J. Stadsnes, N. Østgaard, S.M. Bailey, D.N. Baker, G.A. Germany and J.W. Gjerloev, 2007: Thermospheric nitric oxide at higher latitudes: Model calculations with auroral energy input. J. Geophys. Res., 112, A08306, doi:10.1029/2006JA012203.

Sokolova, E.Y., I.M. Varentsov and BEAR Working Group, 2007: Deep array electromagnetic sounding on the Baltic Shield: External excitation model and implications for upper mantle conductivity studies. Tectonophysics, 445, 3-25.

Thomson, A.W.P. and V. Lesur, 2007: An improved geomagnetic data selection algorithm for global geomagnetic field modelling. Geophys. J. Int., 169, 951-963 doi: 10.1111/j.1365-246X.2007.03354.x

Vassiliadis, D., I.R. Mann, S.F. Fung and X. Shao, 2007: Ground Pc3-Pc5 wave power distribution and response to solar wind velocity variations. Planet. Space Sci., 55, 743-754, doi:10.1016/j.pss.2006.03.012.

Waters, C.L., T.K. Yeoman, M.D. Sciffer, P. Ponomarenko and D.M. Wright, 2007: Modulation of radio frequency signals by ULF waves. Ann. Geophys., 25, 1113-1124,

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Zolotukhina, N. and J. Cao, 2007: Transformation of structured Pc1 into IPDP-like emission under enhanced magnetospheric convection: A case study. J. Atmos. Solar-Terr. Phys., 69, 1668-1679.

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Aikio, A.T., T. Pitkänen, D. Fontaine, I. Dandouras, O. Amm, A. Kozlovsky, A. Vaivads and A. Fazakerley, 2008: EISCAT and Cluster observations in the vicinity of the dynamical polar cap boundary. Ann. Geophys., 26, 87-105,

Amm, O. and R. Fujii, 2008: Separation of Cowling channel and local closure currents in the vicinity of a substorm breakup spiral. J. Geophys. Res., 113, A06304, doi:10.1029/2008JA013021.

Apatenkov, S.V., V.A. Sergeev, O. Amm, W. Baumjohann, R. Nakamura, A. Runov, F. Rich, P. Daly, A. Fazakerley, I. Alexeev, J. A. Sauvaud and Y. Chotyaintsev, 2008: Conjugate observation of sharp dynamical boundary in the inner magnetosphere by Cluster and DMSP spacecraft and ground network. Ann. Geophys., 26, 2771-2780.

Baishev, D.G., G.V. Borisov, V.A. Velichko, S.N. Samsonov and K. Yumoto, 2008: Variations in the Geomagnetic Field and Auroras during the Main Phase of a Large Magnetic Storm of November 20, 2003. Geomagn. Aeron., 48, 201-208.

Clausen, L.B.N., T.K. Yeoman, R. Behlke and E.A. Lucek, 2008: Multi-instrument observations of a large scale Pc4 pulsation. Ann. Geophys., 26, 185-199,

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Liu, Y.H., B.J. Fraser, S.T. Ables, M.W. Dunlop, B.C. Zhang, R.Y. Liu and Q.G. Zong, 2008: Phase structure of Pc3 waves observed by Cluster and ground stations near the cusp. J. Geophys. Res., 113, A07S37, doi:10.1029/2007JA012754.

Manninen, J., N.G. Kleimenova, O.V. Kozyreva, A. Ranta, K. Kauristie, S. Mäkinen and T.A. Kornilova, 2008: Ground-based observations during the period between two strong November 2004 storms attributed to steady magnetospheric convection, J. Geophys. Res., 113, A00A09, doi:10.1029/2007JA012984.

Oyama, S., B.J. Watkins, S. Maeda, H. Shinagawa, S. Nozawa, Y. Ogawa, A. Brekke, C. Lathuillere and W. Kofman, 2008: Generation of the lower-thermospheric vertical wind estimated with the EISCAT KST radar at high latitudes during periods of moderate geomagnetic disturbance. Ann. Geophys., 26, 1491-1505, doi:10.5194/angeo-26-1491-2008.

Pilipenko, V., E. Fedorov, B. Heilig and M.J. Engebretson, 2008: Structure of ULF Pc3 waves at low altitudes. J. Geophys. Res., 113, A11208, doi:10.1029/2008JA013243.

Pulkkinen, A., R. Pirjola and A. Viljanen, 2008: Statistics of extreme geomagnetically induced current events. Space Weather, 6, S07001, doi:10.1029/2008SW000388.

Ritter, P. and H. Lühr, 2008: Near-Earth magnetic signature of magnetospheric substorms and an improved substorm current model. Ann. Geophys., 26, 2781-2793,

Roldugin, V.C. and A.V. Roldugin, 2008: Pc5 pulsations on the ground, in the magnetosphere, and in the electron precipitation: Event of 19 January 2005. J. Geophys. Res., 113, A04222, doi:10.1029/2007JA012553.

Runov, A., W. Baumjohann, R. Nakamura, V.A. Sergeev, O. Amm, H. Frey, I. Alexeev, A.N. Fazakerley, C.J. Owen, E. Lucek, M. André, A. Vaivads, I. Dandouras and B. Klecker, 2008: Observations of an active thin current sheet. J. Geophys. Res., 113, A07S27, doi:10.1029/2007JA012685.

Semenova, N.V., A.G. Yahnin, A.N. Vasilev and O. Amm, 2008: Specific Features of Resonance Structures in Spectra of ULF Electromagnetic Noise at High Latitudes (Barentsburg Observatory). Geomagn. Aeron., 48, 36-44.

Sergeev, V.A., S.V. Apatenkov, V. Angelopoulos, J.P. McFadden, D. Larson, J.W. Bonnell, M. Kuznetsova, N. Partamies and F. Honary, 2008: Simultaneous THEMIS observations in the near-tail portion of the inner and outer plasma sheet flux tubes at substorm onset. J. Geophys. Res., 113, A00C02, doi:10.1029/2008JA013527.

Smith, A.M., C.N. Mitchell, R.J. Watson, R.W. Meggs, P.M. Kintner, K. Kauristie and F. Honary, 2008: GPS scintillation in the high arctic associated with an auroral arc. Space Weather, 6, S03D01, doi:10.1029/2007SW000349.

Solovyev, S.I., R.N. Boroyev, A.V. Moiseyev, A. Du and K. Yumoto, 2008: Effect of Auroral Electrojets and Solar Wind Parameters on Variations in the Intensity of Low Latitude Geomagnetic Disturbances and Dst during the Extremely Large Magnetic Storm of November 20-21, 2003. Geomagn. Aeron., 48, 293-306.

Takada, T., R. Nakamura, L. Juusola, O. Amm, W. Baumjohann, M. Volwerk, A. Matsuoka, B. Klecker, K. Snekvik, C.J. Owen, A.N. Fazakerley, H.U. Frey, H. Rème, E.A. Lucek and C. Carr, 2008: Local field-aligned currents in the magnetotail and ionosphere as observed by a Cluster, Double Star, and MIRACLE conjunction. J. Geophys. Res., 113, A07S20, doi:10.1029/2007JA012759.

Turkakin, H., R. Marchand and Z.C. Kale, 2008: Mode trapping in the plasmasphere. J. Geophys. Res., 113, A11210, doi:10.1029/2008JA013045.

Weygand, J.M., R.L. McPherron, H. Frey, O. Amm, K. Kauristie, A.T. Viljanen and A. Koistinen, 2008: Relation of substorm onset to Harang discontinuity. J. Geophys. Res., 113, A04213, doi:10.1029/2007JA012537.

Weygand, J.M., R.L. McPherron, K. Kauristie, H.U. Frey and T.-S. Hsu, 2008: Relation of auroral substorm onset to local AL index and dispersionless particle injections. J. Atmos. Solar-Terr. Phys., 70, 2336-2345.

Wik, M., A. Viljanen, R. Pirjola, A. Pulkkinen, P. Wintoft and H. Lundstedt, 2008: Calculation of Geomagnetically Induced Currents in the 400 kV Power Grid in Southern Sweden. Space Weather, 6, S07005, doi:10.1029/2007SW000343.

Yeoman, T.K., H.C. Scoffield, D.M. Wright, L.J. Baddeley, A.N. Vasilyev and N.V. Semenova, 2008: Investigation of natural and artificial stimulation of the ionospheric Alfvén resonator at high latitude. Adv. Space Res., 42, 957-963, doi:10.1016/j.asr.2007.03.083.

Yu, Y. and A.J. Ridley, 2008: Validation of the space weather modeling framework using ground-based magnetometers. Space Weather, 6, S05002, doi:10.1029/2007SW000345.


Blagoveshchensky, D., A. Kalishin and J. MacDougall, 2009: Effects of a "day-time" substorm on the ionosphere and radio propagation. Adv. Space Res., 44, 1008-1012.

Blagoveshchensky, D.V., A.S. Kalishin, A.J. Stocker and E.M. Warrington, 2009: Propagation of HF Radiowaves on High Latitude Radio Paths during the Magnetically Disturbed Period of October 24-28, 2003. Geomagn. Aeron., 49, 786-796.

Degtyarev, V.I., I.P. Kharchenko, A.S. Potapov, B. Tsegmed and S.E. Chudnenko, 2009: Qualitative estimation of magnetic storm efficiency in producing relativistic electron flux in the Earth's outer radiation belt using geomagnetic pulsations data. Adv. Space Res., 43, 829-836, doi:10.1016/j.asr.2008.07.004

Deng, Y., G. Lu, Y.-S. Kwak, E. Sutton, J. Forbes and S. Solomon, 2009: Reversed ionospheric convections during the November 2004 storm: Impact on the upper atmosphere. J. Geophys. Res., 114, A07313, doi:10.1029/2008JA013793.

Forsyth, C., M. Lester, R.C. Fear, E. Lucek, I. Dandouras, A.N. Fazakerley, H. Singer and T.K. Yeoman, 2009: Solar wind and substorm excitation of the wavy current sheet. Ann. Geophys., 27, 2457-2474.

Francia, P., U. Villante and M. Vellante, 2009: A Comparative Analysis of Ground, Magnetospheric and Interplanetary Observations of Long Period Magnetic Oscillations. Earth Moon Planets, 104, 33-36, doi:10.1007/s11038-008-9244-0

Juusola, L., R. Nakamura, O. Amm and K. Kauristie, 2009: Conjugate ionospheric equivalent currents during bursty bulk flows. J. Geophys. Res., 114, A04313, doi:10.1029/2008JA013908.

Kavanagh, A.J., J.A. Wild and F. Honary, 2009: Observations of omega bands using an imaging riometer. Ann. Geophys., 27, 4183-4195,

Kleimenova, N.G. and O.V. Kozyreva, 2009: The Recovery Phase of the Superstrong Magnetic Storm of July 15-17, 2000: Substorms and ULF Pulsations. Geomagn. Aeron., 49, 303-316.

Kleimenova, N.G. and O.V. Kozyreva, 2009: Penetration of Pc5 Geomagnetic Pulsations to Unusually Low Latitudes during the Recovery Phase of a Superstrong Magnetic Storm of October 31, 2003. Geomagn. Aeron., 49, 1199-1203.

Kornilova, T.A. and I.A. Kornilov, 2009: Spatial-temporal dynamics of auroras during the magnetic storm main phase. Geomagn. Aeron., 49, 722-732.

Kozyreva, O.V. and N.G. Kleimenova, 2009: Variations in the ULF Index of Geomagnetic Pulsations during Strong Magnetic Storms. Geomagn. Aeron., 49, 425-437.

Kozyreva, O.V., I.N. Myagkova, E.E. Antonova and N.G. Kleimenova, 2009: Precipitation of Energetic Electrons and Pi3 Geomagnetic Pulsations at Polar Latitudes. Geomagn. Aeron., 49, 741-749.

Kurihara, J., S. Oyama, S. Nozawa, T.T. Tsuda, R. Fujii, Y. Ogawa, H. Miyaoka, N. Iwagami, T. Abe, K.-I. Oyama, M.J. Kosch, A. Aruliah, E. Griffin and K. Kauristie, 2009: Temperature enhancements and vertical winds in the lower thermosphere associated with auroral heating during the DELTA campaign. J. Geophys. Res., 114, A12306, doi:10.1029/2009JA014392.

Liu, Y.H., B.J. Fraser, S.T. Ables, B.C. Zhang, R.Y. Liu, M.W. Dunlop and J. Watermann, 2009: Transverse-scale size of Pc3 ULF waves near the exterior cusp. J. Geophys. Res., 114, A08208, doi:10.1029/2008JA013971.

Lunde, J., U.P. Løvhaug and B. Gustavsson, 2009: Particle precipitation during NEIAL events: simultaneous ground based nighttime observations at Svalbard. Ann. Geophys., 27, 2001-2010, doi:10.5194/angeo-27-2001-2009.

Maeda, S., Y. Ogawa, K. Hosokawa, S. Nozawa, S.-I. Oyama, T. Tsuda and A. Brekke, 2009: Ion heating in high-speed flow channel within the duskside cell of the polar cap ion convection under large IMF-By condition. J. Geophys. Res., 114, A11307, doi:10.1029/2009JA014300.

Nagai, T., H. Tsunakawa, H. Shibuya, F. Takahashi, H. Shimizu, M. Matsushima, M.N. Nishino, Y. Yokota, K. Asamura, T. Tanaka, Y. Saito and O. Amm, 2009: Plasmoid formation for multiple onset substorms: observations of the Japanese Lunar Mission "Kaguya". Ann. Geophys., 27, 59-64,

Palmroth, M., T.I. Pulkkinen, J. Polvi, A. Viljanen and P. Janhunen, 2009: On the response of ionospheric electrojets to solar wind discontinuities. Ann. Geophys., 27, 3791-3803,

Pang, Y., X.H. Deng, Z.G. Yuan, M. Zhou, M.H. Lin, Z.W. Shu, S.Y. Li, J.F. Wang and A. Balogh, 2009: Polar ionosphere and geomagnetic response for the flux transfer events: A case study. Adv. Space Res., 43, 957-963.

Partamies, N., T.I. Pulkkinen, R.L. McPherron, K. McWilliams, C.R. Bryant, E. Tanskanen, H.J. Singer, G.D. Reeves and M.F. Thomsen, 2009: Statistical survey on sawtooth events, SMCs and isolated substorms. Adv. Space Res., 44, 376-384.

Pitkänen, T., A.T. Aikio, A. Kozlovsky and O. Amm, 2009: Reconnection electric field estimates and dynamics of high-latitude boundaries during a substorm. Ann. Geophys., 27, 2157-2171.

Potapov, A.S. and A.V. Guglielmi, 2009: A Nonlinear Displacement of Pc5 Latitudinal Profiles. Geomagn. Aeron., 49, 1189-1192.

Pulkkinen, A. and L. Rastätter, 2009: Minimum variance analysis-based propagation of the solar wind observations: Application to real-time global magnetohydrodynamic simulations. Space Weather, 7, S12001, doi:10.1029/2009SW000468.

Pulkkinen, A., A. Taktakishvili, D. Odstrcil and W. Jacobs, 2009: Novel approach to geomagnetically induced current forecasts based on remote solar observations. Space Weather, 7, S08005, doi:10.1029/2008SW000447.

Sarris, T., X. Li and H.J. Singer, 2009: A long-duration narrowband Pc5 pulsation. J. Geophys. Res., 114, A01213, doi:10.1029/2007JA012660.

Séran, E., M. Godefroy, K. Kauristie, J.-C. Cerisier, J.-J. Berthelier, M. Lester and L.-E. Sarri, 2009: What can we learn from HF signal scattered from a discrete arc? Ann. Geophys., 27, 1887-1896.

Snekvik, K., L. Juusola, N. Østgaard and O. Amm, 2009: Reconnection Hall current system observed in the magnetotail and in the ionosphere. Geophys. Res. Lett., 36, L08104, doi:10.1029/2009GL037239.

Solovyev, S.I., R.N. Boroyev, A.V. Moiseyev, A. Du and K. Yumoto, 2009: Dynamics of the Ionospheric Electric Currents and Auroral Luminosity Boundaries during Strong Magnetic Storms. Geomagn. Aeron., 49, 450-460.

Taguchi, S., S. Suzuki, K. Hosokawa, Y. Ogawa, A.S. Yukimatu, N. Sato, M.R. Collier and T.E. Moore, 2009: Moving mesoscale plasma precipitation in the cusp. J. Geophys. Res., 114, A06211, doi:10.1029/2009JA014128.

Tanskanen, E.I., 2009: A comprehensive high-throughput analysis of substorms observed by IMAGE magnetometer network: Years 1993-2003 examined. J. Geophys. Res., 114, A05204, doi:10.1029/2008JA013682.

Thomson, A.W.P., A.J. McKay and A. Viljanen, 2009: A Review of Progress in Modelling of Induced Geoelectric and Geomagnetic Fields with Special Regard to Induced Currents. Acta Geophysica, 57, 209-219, doi: 10.2478/s11600-008-0061-7.

Turnbull, K.L., J.A. Wild, F. Honary, A.W.P. Thomson and A.J. McKay, 2009: Characteristics of variations in the ground magnetic field during substorms at mid latitudes. Ann. Geophys., 27, 3421-3428,

Vanhamäki, H., K. Kauristie, O. Amm, A. Senior, D. Lummerzheim and S. Milan, 2009: Electrodynamics of an omega-band as deduced from optical and magnetometer data. Ann. Geophys., 27, 3367-3385.

Watermann, J. and H. Gleisner, 2009: Geomagnetic Variations and their Time Derivatives During Geomagnetic Storms at Different Levels of Intensity. Acta Geophysica, 57, 197-208, doi:10.2478/s11600-008-0045-7.

Wik, M., R. Pirjola, H. Lundstedt, A. Viljanen, P. Wintoft and A. Pulkkinen, 2009: Space weather events in July 1982 and October 2003 and the effects of geomagnetically induced currents on Swedish technical systems. Ann. Geophys., 27, 1775-1787,


Belakhovsky, V.B. and V.A. Pilipenko, 2010: Excitation of Pc5 Pulsations of the Geomagnetic Field and Riometric Absorption. Cosmic Research, 48, 319-334.

Borderick, J.D., T.K. Yeoman, C.L. Waters and D.M. Wright, 2010: Observations and modelling of the wave mode evolution of an impulse-driven 3mHz ULF wave. Ann. Geophys., 28, 1723-1735,, doi:10.5194/angeo-28-1723-2010

Borodkova, N.L., 2010: Effect of Large and Sharp Changes of Solar Wind Dynamic Pressure on the Earth's Magnetosphere: Analysis of Several Events. Cosmic Research, 48, 41-55.

Feng, H.Q., J.K. Chao, L.H. Lyu and L.C. Lee, 2010: The relationship between small interplanetary magnetic flux rope and the substorm expansion phase. J. Geophys. Res., 115, A09108, doi:10.1029/2009JA015191.

Gjerloev, J.W., R.A. Hoffman, S. Ohtani, J. Weygand and R. Barnes, 2010: Response of the auroral electrojet indices to abrupt southward IMF turnings. Ann. Geophys., 28, 1167-1182,

Han, D.-S., H.-G. Yang, J. Liang, T. Iyemori, S.W.H. Cowley and T. Araki, 2010: High-latitude reconnection effect observed at the dayside dip equator as a precursor of a sudden impulse. J. Geophys. Res., 115, A08214, doi:10.1029/2009JA014787.

Heilig, B., S. Lotz, J. Vero, P. Sutcliffe, J. Reda, K. Pajunpaa and T. Raita, 2010: Empirically modelled Pc3 activity based on solar wind parameters. Ann. Geophys., 28, 1703-1722,, doi:10.5194/angeo-28-1703-2010

Hubert, B., A.T. Aikio, O. Amm, T. Pitkänen, K. Kauristie, S.E. Milan, S.W.H. Cowley and J.-C. Gerard, 2010: Comparison of the open-closed field line boundary location inferred using IMAGE-FUV SI12 images and EISCAT radar observations. Ann. Geophys., 28, 883-892,

Juusola, L., K. Andréeová, O. Amm, K. Kauristie, S. E. Milan, M. Palmroth and N. Partamies, 2010: Effects of a solar wind dynamic pressure increase in the magnetosphere and in the ionosphere. Ann. Geophys., 28, 1945-1959,, doi:10.5194/angeo-28-1945-2010.

Karpachev, A.T., N. Beloff, T.D. Carozzi, P.F. Denisenko, T.J.T. Karhunen and M. Lester, 2010: Detection of large scale TIDs associated with the dayside cusp using SuperDARN data. J. Atmos. Solar-Terr. Phys., 72, 653-661.

Kleimenova, N.G., O.V. Kozyreva, M. Kubicki and S. Michnowski, 2010: Morning Polar Substorms and Variations in the Atmospheric Electric Field. Geomagn. Aeron., 50, 48-57.

Kleimenova, N.G., O.V. Kozyreva, A.A. Vlasov, M.V. Uspensky and K. Kauristie, 2010: Afternoon Pc5 Geomagnetic Pulsations on the Earth's Surface and in the Ionosphere (STARE Radars). Geomagn. Aeron., 50, 329-338.

Kornilov, I.A. and T.A. Kornilova, 2010: Generation of VLF Emissions during the Substorm Preliminary Phase and the Auroral Dynamics at the Auroral Oval Northern Edge. Geomagn. Aeron., 50, 616-622.

Lee, D.-Y., K.-C. Choi, S. Ohtani, J.H. Lee, K.C. Kim, K.S. Park and K.-H. Kim, 2010: Can intense substorms occur under northward IMF conditions? J. Geophys. Res., 115, A01211, doi:10.1029/2009JA014480.

Manninen, J., N.G. Kleimenova, O.V. Kozyreva and T. Turunen, 2010: Pc5 geomagnetic pulsations, pulsating particle precipitation, and VLF chorus: Case study on 24 November 2006. J. Geophys. Res., 115, A00F14, doi:10.1029/2009JA014837.

Mishin, V.M., Z. Pu, L.A. Sapronova, M.V. Tolochko, T.I. Saifudinova and S.I. Solovyev, 2010: Substorms on February 26, 2008: Synthesis of the outside-in and inside-out scenarios. Geomagn. Aeron., 50, 997-1002, doi: 10.1134/S0016793210080104.

Obana, Y., F.W. Menk and I. Yoshikawa, 2010: Plasma refilling rates for L = 2.3-3.8 flux tubes. J. Geophys. Res., 115, A03204, doi:10.1029/2009JA014191.

Oyama, S., Shiokawa, K., Kurihara, J., Tsuda, T.T., Nozawa, S., Ogawa, Y., Otsuka, Y. and Watkins, B.J., 2010: Lower-thermospheric wind fluctuations measured with an FPI during pulsating aurora at Tromsø, Norway. Ann. Geophys., 28, 1847-1857, doi:10.5194/angeo-28-1847-2010.

Parkhomov, V.A., A.V. Dmitriev and A.D. Bazarzhapov, 2010: Spatial features of current systems of SFE-flares accompanied by gamma radiation. Geomagn. Aeron., 50, 1003-1014, doi:10.1134/S0016793210080116.

Roldugin, A.V., V.G. Vorobjev, V.C. Roldugin and S.A. Chernouss, 2010: Ground Based Observations of Auroras under the Sunlit Conditions. Geomagn. Aeron., 50, 34-40.

Safargaleev, V., A. Kozlovsky, F. Honary, A. Voronin and T. Turunen, 2010: Geomagnetic disturbances on ground associated with particle precipitation during SC. Ann. Geophys., 28, 247-265,

Sandholt, P.E., Y. Andalsvik and C.J. Farrugia, 2010: Polar cap flow channel events: spontaneous and driven responses. Ann. Geophys., 28, 2015-2025, doi:10.5194/angeo-28-2015-2010.

Sergeev, V.A., T.A. Kornilova, I.A. Kornilov, V. Angelopoulos, M.V. Kubyshkina, M. Fillingim, R. Nakamura, J.P. McFadden and D. Larson, 2010: Auroral signatures of the plasma injection and dipolarization in the inner magnetosphere. J. Geophys. Res., 115, A02202, doi:10.1029/2009JA014522.

Villante, U., P. Francia and M. Vellante, 2010: Long period magnetospheric oscillations at discrete frequencies: The results of a multi-station analysis. Adv. Space Res., 46, 460-467, doi:10.1016/j.asr.2009.07.030.

Weimer, D.R., C.R. Clauer, M.J. Engebretson, T.L. Hansen, H. Gleisner, I. Mann and K. Yumoto, 2010: Statistical maps of geomagnetic perturbations as a function of the interplanetary magnetic field. J. Geophys. Res., 115, A10320, doi:10.1029/2010JA015540.

Yagova, N.V., V.A. Pilipenko, L.N. Baransky and M.J. Engebretson, 2010: Spatial distribution of spectral parameters of high latitude geomagnetic disturbances in the Pc5/Pi3 frequency range. Ann. Geophys., 28, 1761-1775,, doi:10.5194/angeo-28-1761-2010

Yeoman, T.K., D.Y. Klimushkin and P.N. Mager, 2010: Intermediate-m ULF waves generated by substorm injection: a case study. Ann. Geophys., 28, 1499-1509,, doi:10.5194/angeo-28-1499-2010.

Zhou, X.-Y., D.G. Sibeck, O. Amm and J.M. Ruohoniemi, 2010: Interplanetary shock generated ionospheric traveling convection vortex near local noon. Advances in Geosciences, Vol. 21: Solar & Terrestrial Science, ed. Marc Duldig, Singapore: World Scientific, p. 367-378.


Amm, O., R. Fujii, K. Kauristie, A. Aikio, A. Yoshikawa, A. Ieda and H. Vanhamäki, 2011: A statistical investigation of the Cowling channel efficiency in the auroral zone. J. Geophys. Res., 116, A02304, doi:10.1029/2010JA015988.

Amm, O., R. Nakamura, T. Takada, K. Kauristie, H.U. Frey, C.J. Owen, A. Aikio and R. Kuula, 2011: Observations of an auroral streamer in a double oval configuration. Ann. Geophys., 29, 701-716, doi:10.5194/angeo-29-701-2011.

Andalsvik, Y.L., P.E. Sandholt and C.J. Farrugia, 2011: Dayside and nightside contributions to cross-polar cap potential variations: the 20 March 2001 ICME case. Ann. Geophys., 29, 2189-2201, doi:10.5194/angeo-29-2189-2011.

Andreeova, K., T.I. Pulkkinen, L. Juusola, M. Palmroth and O. Santolik, 2011: Propagation of a shock-related disturbance in the Earth's magnetosphere. J. Geophys. Res., 116, A01213, doi:10.1029/2010JA015908.

Andreeova, K., T.I. Pulkkinen, M. Palmroth and R. McPherron, 2011: Geoefficiency of solar wind discontinuities. J. Atmos. Solar-Terr. Phys., 73, 112-122, doi: 10.1016/j.jastp.2010.03.006.

Badin, V.I., 2011: Search for Hidden Periodicity in Magnetometric Measurements Performed during Auroras. Geomagn. Aeron., 51, 178-186.

Belakhovsky, V.B. and V.A. Pilipenko, 2011: Generation of Magnetic Field Pc5 Pulsations and Particle Fluxes during the Recovery Phase of a Magnetic Storm on October 31, 2003. Geomagn. Aeron., 51, 599-619.

Borisova, T.D., N.F. Blagoveshchenskaya, V.A. Kornienko and M.T. Rietveld, 2011: Characteristics of Pc4-5 Pulsations Obtained Using the Method of Bistatic Backscatter of HF Radio Waves, the EISCAT HF Heating Facility, and Ground Based Magnetometers. Geomagn. Aeron., 51, 620-632.

Eastwood, J.P., S.J. Schwartz, T.S. Horbury, C.M. Carr, K.-H. Glassmeier, I. Richter, C. Koenders, F. Plaschke and J.A. Wild, 2011: Transient Pc3 wave activity generated by a hot flow anomaly: Cluster, Rosetta, and ground-based observations. J. Geophys. Res., 116, A08224, doi:10.1029/2011JA016467.

Enell, C.-F., J. Hedin, J. Stegman, G. Witt, M. Friedrich, W. Singer, G. Baumgarten, B. Kaifler, U.-P. Hoppe, B. Gustavsson, U. Brändström, M. Khaplanov, A. Kero, T. Ulich and E. Turunen, 2011: The Hotel Payload 2 campaign: Overview of NO, O and electron density measurements in the upper mesosphere and lower thermosphere, J. Atmos. Solar-Terr. Phys., 73, 2228-2236, doi: 10.1016/j.jastp.2011.01.001.

Hashimoto, K.K., T. Kikuchi, S. Watari and M.A. Abdu, 2011: Polar-equatorial ionospheric currents driven by the region 2 field-aligned currents at the onset of substorms. J. Geophys. Res., 116, A09217, doi:10.1029/2011JA016442.

Kleimenova, N.G., O.V. Kozyreva, M. Kubicki and S. Michnowski, 2011: Variations in the Near Ground Electric Field at High Latitudes and the Potential Drop across the Polar Cap during Morning Polar Substorms. Geomagn. Aeron., 51, 397-404.

Kleimenova, N.G., O.V. Kozyreva, J. Manninen, T. Raita, T.A. Kornilova and I.A. Kornilov, 2011: High-latitude geomagnetic disturbances during the initial phase of a recurrent magnetic storm (from February 27 to March 2, 2008). Geomagn. Aeron., 51, 730-740.

Liu, J.-M., B.-C. Zhang, Y. Kamide, Z.-S. Wu, Z.-J. Hu and H.-G. Yang, 2011: Spontaneous and trigger-associated substorms compared: Electrodynamic parameters in the polar ionosphere. J. Geophys. Res., 116, A01207, doi:10.1029/2010JA015773.

Maynard, N.C., C.J. Farrugia, W.J. Burke, D.M. Ober, J.D. Scudder, F.S. Mozer, C.T. Russell, H. Rème, C. Mouikis and K.D. Siebert, 2011: Interactions of the heliospheric current and plasma sheets with the bow shock: Cluster and Polar observations in the magnetosheath. J. Geophys. Res., 116, A01212, doi:10.1029/2010JA015872.

Mishin, V.M., M. Förster, M.A. Kurikalova and V.V. Mishin, 2011: The generator system of field-aligned currents during the April 06, 2000, superstorm. Adv. Space Res., 48, 1172-1183, doi:10.1016/j.asr.2011.05.029.

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Newell, P.T. and J.W. Gjerloev, 2011: Evaluation of SuperMAG auroral electrojet indices as indicators of substorms and auroral power. J. Geophys. Res., 116, A12211, doi:10.1029/2011JA016779.

Newell, P.T. and J.W. Gjerloev, 2011: Substorm and magnetosphere characteristic scales inferred from the SuperMAG auroral electrojet indices. J. Geophys. Res., 116, A12232, doi:10.1029/2011JA016936.

Oyama, S., A. Brekke, T.T. Tsuda, J. Kurihara and B.J. Watkins, 2011: Variance of the vertical ion speed measured with the European Incoherent Scatter (EISCAT) UHF radar in the polar lower ionosphere at Troms&oslasg;, Norway. J. Geophys. Res., 116, A00K06, doi:10.1029/2010JA016129.

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Partamies, N., L. Juusola, E. Tanskanen, K. Kauristie, J.M. Weygand and Y. Ogawa, 2011: Substorms during different storm phases. Ann. Geophys., 29, 2031-2043, doi:10.5194/angeo-29-2031-2011.

Petlenko, A.V., Y.A. Kopytenko, V.A. Martines, V.A. Pilipenko and V.S. Ismagilova, 2011: Fine Structure of Pi2 Type Geomagnetic Pulsations. Geomagn. Aeron., 51, 584-598.

Pitkänen, T., A.T. Aikio, O. Amm, K. Kauristie, H. Nilsson and K.U. Kaila, 2011: EISCAT-Cluster observations of quiet-time near-Earth magnetotail fast flows and their signatures in the ionosphere. Ann. Geophys., 29, 299-319.

Pulkkinen, T.I., E.I. Tanskanen, A. Viljanen, N. Partamies and K. Kauristie, 2011: Auroral electrojets during deep solar minimum at the end of solar cycle 23. J. Geophys. Res., 116, A04207, doi:10.1029/2010JA016098.

Rinne, Y., J. Moen, J.B.H. Baker and H.C. Carlson, 2011: Convection surrounding mesoscale ionospheric flow channels. J. Geophys. Res., 116, A05213, doi:10.1029/2010JA015997.

Solovyev, S.I., R.N. Boroev, A.V. Moiseev, A. Du and K. Yumoto, 2011: Development of Auroral Electrojets and Low Latitude Geomagnetic Disturbances during Strong Magnetic Storms on November 7-11, 2004. Cosmic Research, 49, p. 42-55.

Tan, L.C., X. Shao, A.S. Sharma and S.F. Fung, 2011: Relativistic electron acceleration by compressional-mode ULF waves: Evidence from correlated Cluster, Los Alamos National Laboratory spacecraft, and ground-based magnetometer measurements. J. Geophys. Res., 116, A07226, doi:10.1029/2010JA016226.

Tanskanen, E.I., T.I. Pulkkinen, A. Viljanen, K. Mursula, N. Partamies and J.A. Slavin, 2011: From space weather toward space climate time scales: Substorm analysis from 1993 to 2008. J. Geophys. Res., 116, A00I34, doi:10.1029/ 2010JA015788.

Vanhamäki, H. and O. Amm, 2011: Analysis of ionospheric electrodynamic parameters on mesoscales - a review of selected techniques using data from ground-based observation networks and satellites. Ann. Geophys., 29, 467-491, doi:10.5194/angeo-29-467-2011.

Viljanen, A. and E. Tanskanen, 2011: Climatology of rapid geomagnetic variations at high latitudes over two solar cycles. Ann. Geophys., 9, 1783-1792, doi:10.5194/angeo-29-1783-2011.

Vlasov, A., K. Kauristie, M. van de Kamp, J.-P. Luntama and A. Pogoreltsev, 2011: A study of Traveling Ionospheric Disturbances and Atmospheric Gravity Waves using EISCAT Svalbard Radar IPY-data. Ann. Geophys., 29, 2101-2116, doi:10.5194/angeo-29-2101-2011.

Volwerk, M., J. Berchem, Y.V. Bogdanova, O.D. Constantinescu, M.W. Dunlop, J.P. Eastwood, P. Escoubet, A.N. Fazakerley, H. Frey, H. Hasegawa, B. Lavraud, E.V. Panov, C. Shen, J.K. Shi, M.G.G.T. Taylor, J. Wang, J.A. Wild, Q.H. Zhang, O. Amm and J.M. Weygand, 2011: Interplanetary magnetic field rotations followed from L1 to the ground: the response of the Earth's magnetosphere as seen by multi-spacecraft and ground-based observations. Ann. Geophys., 29, 1549-1569.


Andalsvik, Y.L., P.E. Sandholt and C.J. Farrugia, 2012: Substorms and polar cap convection: the 10 January 2004 interplanetary CME case. Ann. Geophys., 30, 67-80, doi:10.5194/angeo-30-67-2012.

Baddeley, L.J., I. Haggstrøm, T.K. Yeoman and M. Rietveld, 2012: First observations of SPEAR-induced topside and bottomside sporadic E layer heating observed using the EISCAT Svalbard and SuperDARN radars. J. Geophys. Res., 117, A01307, doi:10.1029/2011JA017079.

Cosgrove, R. and E. Sanchez, 2012: Correlation as a global measure of geomagnetic activity: Phase boundaries and a precedent line of nodes. J. Geophys. Res., 117, A06209, doi:10.1029/2011JA017483.

Fiori, R.A.D., D.H. Boteler and A.V. Koustov, 2012: Response of ionospheric convection to sharp southward IMF turnings inferred from magnetometer and radar data. J. Geophys. Res., 117, A09302, doi:10.1029/2012JA017755.

Frank-Kamenetskii, A.V., A.L. Kotikov, A.A. Kruglov, G.B. Burns, N.G. Kleimenova, O.V. Kozyreva, M. Kubitski and A. Odzimek, 2012: Variations in the near-surface atmospheric electric field at high latitudes and ionospheric potential during geomagnetic perturbations. Geomagn. Aeron., 52, 629-638, doi: 10.1134/S0016793212050064.

Gjerloev, J.W., 2012: The SuperMAG data processing technique. J. Geophys. Res., 117, A09213, doi:10.1029/2012JA017683.

Guo, J., X. Feng, T.I. Pulkkinen, E.I. Tanskanen, W. Xu, J. Lei and B.A. Emery, 2012: Auroral electrojets variations caused by recurrent high-speed solar wind streams during the extreme solar minimum of 2008. J. Geophys. Res., 117, A04307, doi:10.1029/2011JA017458.

Jacobsen, K.S. and S. Schäfer, 2012: Observed effects of a geomagnetic storm on an RTK positioning network at high latitudes. J. Space Weather Space Clim., 2, A13, doi:

Kleimenova, N.G., E.E. Antonova, O.V. Kozyreva, L.M. Malysheva, T.A. Kornilova and I.A. Kornilov, 2012: Wave structure of magnetic substorms at high latitudes. Geomagn. Aeron., 52, 746-754, doi: 10.1134/S0016793212060059.

Kornilova, T.A. and I.A. Kornilov, 2012: Specific features in the countermotion of substorm auroral intensifications. Geomagn. Aeron., 52, 755-760, doi: 10.1134/S0016793212050106.

Kornilova, T.A. and I.A. Kornilov, 2012: Counterstreaming auroral structures during substorm expansion. J. Geophys. Res., 117, A05328, doi:10.1029/2011JA017309.

Kozlovskaya, E. and A. Kozlovsky, 2012: Influence of high-latitude geomagnetic pulsations on recordings of broadband force-balanced seismic sensors. Geosci. Instrum. Method. Data Syst., 1, 85-101, doi:10.5194/gi-1-85-2012.

Lee, D.-Y., S. Ohtani, H.S. Kim and K.C. Kim, 2012: Observational test of interchange instability associated with magnetic dipolarization in the near-Earth plasma sheet of r < 12 RE. J. Geophys. Res., 117, A08206, doi:10.1029/2012JA017633.

Manninen, J., N.G. Kleimenova and O.V. Kozyreva, 2012: New type of ensemble of quasi-periodic, long-lasting VLF emissions at the auroral zone. Ann. Geophys., 30, 1655-1660, doi:10.5194/angeo-30-1655-2012.

Manninen, J., N.G. Kleimenova, O.V. Kozyreva, P.A. Bespalov and T. Raita, 2012: Quasi-periodic very low frequency emissions, very low frequency chorus, and geomagnetic Pc4 pulsations (Event on April 3, 2011). Geomagn. Aeron., 52, 77-87, doi: 10.1134/S0016793212010070.

Nedie, A.Z., R. Rankin and F.R. Fenrich, 2012: SuperDARN observations of the driver wave associated with FLRs. J. Geophys. Res., 117, A06232, doi:10.1029/2011JA017387.

Piersanti, M., U. Villante, C. Waters and I. Coco, 2012: The 8 June 2000 ULF wave activity: A case study. J. Geophys. Res., 117, A02204, doi:10.1029/2011JA016857.

Pulkkinen, A., E. Bernabeu, J. Eichner, C. Beggan and A.W.P. Thomson, 2012: Generation of 100-year geomagnetically induced current scenarios. Space Weather, 10, S04003, doi:10.1029/2011SW000750.

Sandholt, P.E., Y.L. Andalsvik and C.J. Farrugia, 2012: The pulsed nature of the nightside contribution to polar cap convection: repetitive substorm activity under steady interplanetary driving. Ann. Geophys., 30, 1539-1553, doi:10.5194/angeo-30-1539-2012.

Sato, Y., T. Ono, N. Sato and Y. Ogawa, 2012: First observations of 4fce auroral roar emissions. Geophys. Res. Lett., 39, L07101, doi:10.1029/2012GL051205.

Sauvaud, J.-A., C. Jacquey, M. Oka, L. Palin, G. Fruit, L.M. Kistler, A. Balogh, J.B. Cao, G. Reeves, T. Mukai, I. Shinohara and E. Grigorenko, 2012: A study of the changes of the near-Earth plasma sheet and lobe driven by multiple substorms: Comparison with a full particle simulation of reconnection. J. Geophys. Res., 117, A01221, doi:10.1029/2011JA017033.

Shiokawa, K., M. Mori, Y. Otsuka, S. Oyama and S. Nozawa, 2012: Motion of high-latitude nighttime medium-scale traveling ionospheric disturbances associated with auroral brightening. J. Geophys. Res., 117, A10316, doi:10.1029/2012JA017928.

Singh, A.K., A.K. Sinha, R. Rawat, B. Jayashree, B.M. Pathan and A. Dhar, 2012: A broad climatology of very high latitude substorms. Adv. Space Res., 50, 1512-1523.

Smirnov, M.Yu. and G.D. Egbert, 2012: Robust principal component analysis of electromagnetic arrays with missing data. Geophys. J. Int., 190: 1423-1438. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-246X.2012.05569.x

Tian, A.M., Q.G. Zong, T.L. Zhang, R. Nakamura, A.M. Du, W. Baumjohann, K.H. Glassmeier, M. Volwerk, M. Hartinger, Y.F. Wang, J. Du, B. Yang, X.Y. Zhang and E. Panov, 2012: Dynamics of long-period ULF waves in the plasma sheet: Coordinated space and ground observations. J. Geophys. Res., 117, A03211, doi:10.1029/2011JA016551.

Tsuji, Y., A. Shinbori, T. Kikuchi and T. Nagatsuma, 2012: Magnetic latitude and local time distributions of ionospheric currents during a geomagnetic storm. J. Geophys. Res., 117, A07318, doi:10.1029/2012JA017566.

Viljanen, A., R. Pirjola, M. Wik, A. Adam, E. Pracser, Ya. Sakharov and Yu. Katkalov, 2012: Continental scale modelling of geomagnetically induced currents. J. Space Weather Space Clim., 2, A17, doi:10.1051/swsc/2012017.


Aikio, A.T., T. Pitkänen, I. Honkonen, M. Palmroth and O. Amm, 2013: IMF effect on the polar cap contraction and expansion during a period of substorms. Ann. Geophys., 31, 1021-1034, doi:10.5194/angeo-31-1021-2013.

Amm, O., R. Fujii, H. Vanhamäki, A. Yoshikawa and A. Ieda, 2013: General solution for calculating polarization electric fields in the auroral ionosphere and application examples. J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 118, 2428-2437, doi:10.1002/jgra.50254.

Blagoveshchenskii, D.V., D.D. Rogov and T. Ulich, 2013: Variations in the horizontal correlation radius of the ionosphere during a magnetospheric substorm. Geomagn. Aeron., 53, 166-176, doi:10.1134/S0016793213020035.

Borisova, T.D., N.F. Blagoveshchenskaya, I.M. Ivanova and M.T. Rietveld, 2013: Dependence of the Pc4 magnetic pulsation parameters on the radiated power of the EISCAT HF heating facility. Geomagn. Aeron., 53, 32-42, doi:10.1134/S0016793213010040.

Cresswell-Moorcock, K., C.J. Rodger, A. Kero, A.B. Collier, M.A. Clilverd, I. Häggström and T. Pitkänen, 2013: A reexamination of latitudinal limits of substorm-produced energetic electron precipitation. J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 118, 6694-6705, doi:10.1002/jgra.50598.

Engebretson, M.J., T.K. Yeoman, K. Oksavik, F. Søraas, F. Sigernes, J.I. Moen, M.G. Johnsen, V.A. Pilipenko, J.L. Posch, M.R. Lessard, B. Lavraud, M.D. Hartinger, L.B.N. Clausen, T. Raita and C. Stolle, 2013: Multi-instrument observations from Svalbard of a traveling convection vortex, electromagnetic ion cyclotron wave burst, and proton precipitation associated with a bow shock instability. J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 118, 2975-2997, doi:10.1002/jgra.50291.

Juusola, L., M. Kubyshkina, R. Nakamura, T. Pitkänen, O. Amm, K. Kauristie, N. Partamies, H. Rème, K. Snekvik and D. Whiter, 2013: Ionospheric signatures of a plasma sheet rebound flow during a substorm onset, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 118, 350-363, doi: 10.1029/2012JA018132.

Kauristie, K., M.V. Uspensky, N.G. Kleimenova, O.V. Kozyreva, S.V. Dubyagin and A.A. Vlasov, 2013: Isolated nighttime substorms and morning geomagnetic Pc5 pulsations from ground-based and satellite (THEMIS) observations. Geomagn. Aeron., 53, 613-625, doi: 10.1134/S0016793213050095.

Kleimenova, N., O. Kozyreva, S. Michnowski and M. Kubicki, 2013: Influence of geomagnetic disturbances on atmospheric electric field (Ez) variations at high and middle latitudes. J. Atmos. Solar-Terr. Phys., 99, 117-122, doi: 10.1016/j.jastp.2012.07.009.

Kozelova, T.V. and B.V. Kozelov, 2013: Substorm-associated explosive magnetic field stretching near the earthward edge of the plasma sheet. J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 118, 3323-3335, doi:10.1002/jgra.50344.

Lazutin, L.L., 2013: Injection of relativistic electrons into the internal magnetosphere during magnetic storms: Connection with substorms. Geomagn. Aeron., 53, 716-732, doi:10.1134/S0016793213050113.

Lichtenberger, J., M.A. Clilverd, B. Heilig, M. Vellante, J. Manninen, C.J. Rodger, A.B. Collier, A.M. Jørgensen, J. Reda, R.H. Holzworth, R. Friedel and M. Simon-Wedlund, 2013: The plasmasphere during a space weather event: first results from the PLASMON project. J. Space Weather Space Clim., 3, A23, doi: 10.1051/swsc/2013045.

Liu, J., H. Hu, D. Han, Y. Liu, Q. Zhang and A.S. Yukimatu, 2013: Optical and SuperDARN radar observations of duskside shock aurora over Zhongshan Station. Advances in Polar Science, 24, 60-68, doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1085.2013.00060.

Mitchell, E.J., P.T. Newell, J.W. Gjerloev and K. Liou, 2013: OVATION-SM: A model of auroral precipitation based on SuperMAG generalized auroral electrojet and substorm onset times. J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 118, 3747-3759, doi:10.1002/jgra.50343.

Newell, P.T., J.W. Gjerloev and E.J. Mitchell, 2013: Space climate implications from substorm frequency. J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 118, 6254-6265, doi:10.1002/jgra.50597.

Noah, M.A. and W.J. Burke, 2013: Sawtooth-substorm connections: A closer look. J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 118, 5136-148, doi:10.1002/jgra.50440.

Ohtani, S., T. Uozumi, H. Kawano, A. Yoshikawa, H. Utada, T. Nagatsuma and K. Yumoto, 2013: The response of the dayside equatorial electrojet to step-like changes of IMF BZ. J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 118, 3637-3646, doi:10.1002/jgra.50318.

Pitkänen, T., A.T. Aikio and L. Juusola, 2013: Observations of polar cap flow channel and plasma sheet flow bursts during substorm expansion. J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 118, 774-784, doi:10.1002/jgra.50119.

Posch, J.L., M.J. Engebretson, A.J. Witte, D.L. Murr, M.R. Lessard, M.G. Johnsen, H.J. Singer and M.D. Hartinger, 2013: Simultaneous traveling convection vortex events and Pc1 wave bursts at cusp latitudes observed in Arctic Canada and Svalbard. J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 118, 6352-6363, doi:10.1002/jgra.50604.

Sarris, T.E., X. Li, W. Liu, E. Argyriadis, A. Boudouridis and R. Ergun, 2013: Mode number calculations of ULF field-line resonances using ground magnetometers and THEMIS measurements. J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 118, 6986-6997, doi:10.1002/2012JA018307.

Singh, A.K., R. Rawat and B.M. Pathan, 2013: On the UT and seasonal variations of the standard and SuperMAG auroral electrojet indices. J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 118, 5059-5067, doi:10.1002/jgra.50488.

Sutcliffe, P.R., B. Heilig and S. Lotz, 2013: Spectral structure of Pc3-4 pulsations: possible signatures of cavity modes. Ann. Geophys., 31, 725-743, doi:10.5194/angeo-31-725-2013.

Tenfjord, P. and N. Østgaard, 2013: Energy transfer and flow in the solar wind-magnetosphere-ionosphere system: A new coupling function. J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 118, 5659-5672, doi:10.1002/jgra.50545.

Tsagouri, I., A. Belehaki, N. Bergeot, C. Cid, V. Delouille, T. Egorova, N. Jakowski, I. Kutiev, A. Mikhailov, M. Nunez, M. Pietrella, A. Potapov, R. Qahwaji, Y. Tulunay, P. Velinov and A. Viljanen, 2013: Progress in space weather modeling in an operational environment. J. Space Weather Space Clim., 3, A17, doi:10.1051/swsc/2013037.

Tullet, P., 2013: Poynting flux impulses and the ionospheric switching of geomagnetic substorms. Radiation Effects and Defects in Solids: Incorporating Plasma Science and Plasma Technology, 168:5, 336-343, doi:10.1080/10420150.2013.771354.

van de Kamp, M., 2013: Harmonic quiet-day curves as magnetometer baselines for ionospheric current analyses. Geosci. Instrum. Method. Data Syst., 2, 289-304, doi:10.5194/gi-2-289-2013.

Vanhamäki, H., A. Viljanen, R. Pirjola and O. Amm, 2013: Deriving the geomagnetically induced electric field at the Earth's surface from the time derivative of the vertical magnetic field. Earth Planets Space, 997-1006, 2013 doi:10.5047/eps.2013.03.013.

Viljanen, A., R. Pirjola, E. Pracser, S. Ahmadzai and V. Singh, 2013: Geomagnetically induced currents in Europe: Characteristics based on a local power grid model. Space Weather, 11, 575-584, doi: 10.1002/swe.20098.

Viljanen, A. and E. Tanskanen, 2013: High-latitude magnetic fields and their time derivatives: interhemispheric similarities. Earth Planets Space, 65, 45-49, doi:10.5047/eps.2012.05.014.

Weimer, D.R., 2013: An empirical model of ground-level geomagnetic perturbations. Space Weather, 11, 107-120, doi:10.1002/swe.20030

Wu, Y., R. Liu, B. Zhang, Z. Wu, H. Hu, S. Zhang, Q. Zhang, J. Liu and F. Honary, 2013: Multi-instrument observations of plasma features in the Arctic ionosphere during the main phase of a geomagnetic storm in December 2006. J. Atmos. Sol.-Terr. Phys., 105-106, 358-366, doi:10.1016/j.jastp.2013.07.004.


Chu, X., T.-S. Hsu, R.L. McPherron, V. Angelopoulos, Z. Pu, J.J. Weygand, K. Khurana, M. Connors, J. Kissinger, H. Zhang and O. Amm, 2014: Development and validation of inversion technique for substorm current wedge using ground magnetic field data. J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 119, 1909-1924, doi:10.1002/2013JA019185.

Despirak, I.V., V.K. Gineva and Z.V. Dashkevich, 2014: Particle-precipitation fine structure during the development of substorms at high latitudes. Geomagn. Aeron., 54, 180-186, doi:10.1134/S001679321402008X.

Despirak, I.V., A.A. Lyubchich and N. G. Kleimenova, 2014: Polar and high latitude substorms and solar wind conditions. Geomagn. Aeron., 54, 575-582, doi:10.1134/S0016793214050041.

D'Onofrio, M., N. Partamies and E. Tanskanen, 2014: Eastward electrojet enhancements during substorm activity. J. Atmos. Sol-Terr. Phys., 119, 129-137, doi:10.1016/j.jastp.2014.07.007.

Fiori, R.A.D., D.H. Boteler and D.M. Gillies, 2014: Assessment of GIC risk due to geomagnetic sudden commencements and identification of the current systems responsible. Space Weather, 12, 76-91, doi:10.1002/2013SW000967.

Forsyth, C., C.E.J. Watt, I.J. Rae, A.N. Fazakerley, N.M.E. Kalmoni, M.P. Freeman, P.D. Boakes, R. Nakamura, I. Dandouras, L.M. Kistler, C.M. Jackman, J.C. Coxon and C.M. Carr, 2014: Increases in plasma sheet temperature with solar wind driving during substorm growth phases. Geophys. Res. Lett., 41, 8713-8721, doi:10.1002/2014GL062400.

Fujiwara, H., S. Nozawa, Y. Ogawa, R. Kataoka, Y. Miyoshi, H. Jin and H. Shinagawa, 2014: Extreme ion heating in the dayside ionosphere in response to the arrival of a coronal mass ejection on 12 March 2012. Ann. Geophys., 32, 831-839, doi:10.5194/angeo-32-831-2014.

Gjerloev, J.W. and R.A. Hoffman, 2014: The large-scale current system during auroral substorms. J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 119, doi:10.1002/2013JA019176.

Guo, J., H. Liu, X. Feng, T.I. Pulkkinen, E.I. Tanskanen, C. Liu, D. Zhong and Y. Wang, 2014: MLT and seasonal dependence of auroral electrojets: IMAGE magnetometer network observations. J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 119, 3179-3188, doi:10.1002/2014JA019843.

Guo, J., T.I. Pulkkinen, E.I. Tanskanen, X. Feng, B.A. Emery, H. Liu, C. Liu and D. Zhong, 2014: Annual variations in westward auroral electrojet and substorm occurrence rate during solar cycle 23. J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 119, 2061-2068, doi:10.1002/2013JA019742.

Kleimenova, N.G. and O.V. Kozyreva, 2014: Global Pi3 geomagnetic pulsations as a response of large variations in the solar wind and IMF during the magnetic storm of August 5, 2011. Geomagn. Aeron., 54, 195-202, doi:10.1134/S001679321402011X.

Kleimenova, N.G., N.R. Zelinsky and A.L. Kotikov, 2014: Analysis of latitudinal distribution of Pi2 geomagnetic pulsations using the generalized variance method. Geomagn. Aeron., 54, 308-315, doi:10.1134/S0016793214030098.

Klibanova, Yu.Yu., V.V. Mishin and B. Tsegmed, 2014: Specific features of daytime long-period pulsations observed during the solar wind impulse against a background of the substorm of August 1, 1998. Cosmic Research, 52,421-429, doi:10.1134/S0010952514040054.

Laundal, K.M. and J.W. Gjerloev, 2014: What is the appropriate coordinate system for magnetometer data when analyzing ionospheric currents? J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 119, 8637-8647, doi:10.1002/2014JA020484.

Manninen, J., Yu.V. Fedorenko, N.G. Kleimenova, O.V. Kozyreva and A.S. Nikitenko, 2014: First results of simultaneous recording of VLF emissions at two closely located points at auroral latitudes. Geomagn. Aeron., 54, 32-38, doi:10.1134/S0016793214010083.

Marin, J., V. Pilipenko, O. Kozyreva, M. Stepanova, M. Engebretson, P. Vega and E. Zesta, 2014: Global Pc5 pulsations during strong magnetic storms: excitation mechanisms and equatorward expansion. Ann. Geophys., 32, 319-331, doi:10.5194/angeo-32-319-2014.

Menk, F., Z. Kale, M. Sciffer, P. Robinson, C. Waters, R. Grew, M. Clilverd and I. Mann, 2014: Remote sensing the plasmasphere, plasmapause, plumes and other features using ground-based magnetometers. J. Space Weather Space Clim., 4, A34, doi:10.1051/swsc/2014030.

Myllys, M., A. Viljanen, Ø.A. Rui and T.M. Ohnstad, 2014: Geomagnetically induced currents in Norway: the northernmost high-voltage power grid in the world. J. Space Weather Space Clim., 4, A10, doi: 10.1051/swsc/2014007.

Nikolaeva, V.D., A.L. Kotikov and T.I. Sergienko, 2014: Dynamics of field-aligned currents reconstructed by the ground-based and satellite data. Geomagn. Aeron., 54, 549-557, doi:10.1134/S0016793214050120.

Ohtani, S. and T. Uozumi, 2014: Nightside magnetospheric current circuit: Time constants of the solar wind-magnetosphere coupling. J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 119, 3558-3572, doi:10.1002/2013JA019680.

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Vanhamäki, H., A. Aikio, M. Voiculescu, L. Juusola, T. Nygrén and R. Kuula, 2016: Electrodynamic structure of the morning high-latitude trough region, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 121, 2669-2682, doi:10.1002/2015JA022021.

Woodroffe, J.R., S.K. Morley, V.K. Jordanova, M.G. Henderson, M.M. Cowee and J.G. Gjerloev, 2016: The latitudinal variation of geoelectromagnetic disturbances during large (Dst<-100 nT) geomagnetic storms. Space Weather, 14, 668-681, doi:10.1002/2016SW001376.

Zhou, Y.-L., H. Lühr, C. Xiong and R.F. Pfaff, 2016: Ionospheric storm effects and equatorial plasma irregularities during the 17-18 March 2015 event. J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 121, 9146-9163, doi:10.1002/2016JA023122.


Archer, W.E., D.J. Knudsen, J.K. Burchill, B. Jackel, E. Donovan, M. Connors and L. Juusola, 2017: Birkeland current boundary flows. J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 122, doi:10.1002/2016JA023789.

Barbosa, C.S., R. Caraballo, L. Alves, G.A. Hartmann, C.D. Beggan, A. Viljanen, C.M. Ngwira, A.R.R. Papa and R.J. Pirjola, 2017: The Tsallis Statistical Distribution Applied to Geomagnetically Induced Currents. Space Weather, doi:10.1002/2017SW001631.

Baddeley, L.J., D.A. Lorentzen, N. Partamies, M. Denig, V.A. Pilipenko, K. Oksavik, X. Chen and Y. Zhang, 2017: Equatorward propagating auroral arcs driven by ULF wave activity: Multipoint ground- and space-based observations in the dusk sector auroral oval. J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 122, doi:10.1002/2016JA023427.

Belakhovsky, V.B., V.A. Pilipenko, Ya.A. Sakharov, D.L. Lorentzen and S.N. Samsonov, 2017: Geomagnetic and ionospheric response to the interplanetary shock on January 24, 2012. Earth Planets Space, 69:105, doi:10.1186/s40623-017-0696-1.

Borovsky, J.E. and K. Yakymenko, 2017: Substorm occurrence rates, substorm recurrence times, and solar wind structure. J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 122, doi:10.1002/2016JA023625.

Borries, C., N. Jakowski, K. Kauristie, O. Amm, J. Mielich and D. Kouba, 2017: On the dynamics of large-scale traveling ionospheric disturbances over Europe on 20 November 2003. J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 122, doi:10.1002/2016JA023050.

Bunescu, C., O. Marghitu, J. Vogt, D. Constantinescu and N. Partamies, 2017: Quasiperiodic field-aligned current dynamics associated with auroral undulations during a substorm recovery. J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 122, doi:10.1002/2016JA023251.

Coxon, J.C., I.J. Rae, C. Forsyth, C.M. Jackman, R.C. Fear and B.J. Anderson, 2017: Birkeland currents during substorms: Statistical evidence for intensification of Regions 1 and 2 currents after onset and a localized signature of auroral dimming. J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 122, doi:10.1002/2017JA023967.

Dods, J., S.C. Chapman and J.W. Gjerloev, 2017: Characterizing the ionospheric current pattern response to southward and northward IMF turnings with dynamical SuperMAG correlation networks. J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 122, doi:10.1002/2016JA023686.

Forte, B., C. Coleman, S. Skone, I. Häggström, C. Mitchell, F. Da Dalt, T. Panicciari, J. Kinrade and G. Bust, 2017: Identification of scintillation signatures on GPS signals originating from plasma structures detected with EISCAT incoherent scatter radar along the same line of sight. J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 122, 916-931, doi:10.1002/2016JA023271.

Friis-Christensen, E., C.C. Finlay, M. Hesse and K.M. Laundal, 2017: Magnetic Field Perturbations from Currents in the Dark Polar Regions During Quiet Geomagnetic Conditions. Space Sci. Rev., 206:281-297, doi:10.1007/s11214-017-0332-1.

Gabrielse, C., V. Angelopoulos, C. Harris, A. Artemyev, L. Kepko and A. Runov, 2017: Extensive electron transport and energization via multiple, localized dipolarizing flux bundles. J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 122, 5059-5076, doi:10.1002/2017JA023981.

Grandin, M., A.T. Aikio, A. Kozlovsky, T. Ulich and T. Raita, 2017: Cosmic radio noise absorption in the high-latitude ionosphere during solar wind high-speed streams. J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 122, doi:10.1002/2017JA023923.

Hubert, B., J.-C. Gérard, S.E. Milan and S.W.H. Cowley, 2017: Magnetic reconnection during steady magnetospheric convection and other magnetospheric modes. Ann. Geophys., 35, 505-524, doi:10.5194/angeo-35-505-2017.

Kauristie, K., A. Morschhauser, N. Olsen, C.C. Finlay, R.L. McPherron, J.W. Gjerloev and H.J. Opgenoorth, 2017: On the Usage of Geomagnetic Indices for Data Selection in Internal Field Modelling. Space Sci. Rev., 206:61-90, doi:10.1007/s11214-016-0301-0.

Kleimenova, N.G., M. Kubicki, A. Odzimek, L.M. Malysheva and L.I. Gromova, 2017: Effects of geomagnetic disturbances in daytime variations of the atmospheric electric field in polar regions. Geomagn. Aeron., 57, 266-273, doi:10.1134/S0016793217030070.

Li, W.-H., J. Raeder, M.F. Thomsen, B. Lavraud, L.-Z. Lü and E.-W. Liang, 2017: The formation of superdense plasma sheet in association with the IMF turning from northward to southward. J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 122, 2936-2955, doi:10.1002/2016JA023373.

Lu, G., 2017: Large Scale High-Latitude Ionospheric Electrodynamic Fields and Currents. Space Sci. Rev., 206:431-450, doi:10.1007/s11214-016-0269-9.

Marsal, S., J.M. Torta, A. Segarra and T. Araki, 2017: Use of spherical elementary currents to map the polar current systems associated with the geomagnetic sudden commencements on 2013 and 2015 St. Patrick's Day storms. J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 122, doi:10.1002/2016JA023166.

Oyama, S., A. Kero, C.J. Rodger, M.A. Clilverd, Y. Miyoshi, N. Partamies, E. Turunen, T. Raita, P.T. Verronen and S. Saito, 2017: Energetic electron precipitation and auroral morphology at the substorm recovery phase. J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 122, doi:10.1002/2016JA023484.

Ozeke, L.G., I.R. Mann, K.R. Murphy, D.G. Sibeck and D.N. Baker, 2017: Ultra-relativistic radiation belt extinction and ULF wave radial diffusion: Modeling the September 2014 extended dropout event. Geophys. Res. Lett., 44, 2624-2633, doi:10.1002/2017GL072811.

Partamies, N., D. Whiter, A. Kadokura, K. Kauristie, H. Nesse Tyssøy, S. Massetti, P. Stauning and T. Raita, 2017: Occurrence and average behavior of pulsating aurora. J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 122, doi:10.1002/2017JA024039.

Shore, R.M., M.P. Freeman, J.A. Wild and J.W. Gjerloev, 2017: A high-resolution model of the external and induced magnetic field at the Earth's surface in the Northern Hemisphere. J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 122, doi:10.1002/2016JA023682.

Tanskanen E.I., R. Hynönen and K. Mursula, 2017: Seasonal variation of high-latitude geomagnetic activity in individual years. J. Geophys. Res. Space Phys., 122, doi:10.1002/2017JA024276.

Tanskanen E.I., K. Snekvik, J.A. Slavin, D. Pérez-Suárez, A. Viljanen, M.L. Goldstein, M.K. Käpylä, R. Hynönen, L.V.T. Häkkinen and K. Mursula, 2017: Solar cycle occurrence of Alfvénic fluctuations and related geo-efficiency. J. Geophys. Res. Space Phys., 122, doi:10.1002/2017JA024385.

Tenfjord, P., N. Østgaard, R. Strangeway, S. Haaland, K. Snekvik, K.M. Laundal, J.P. Reistad and S.E. Milan, 2017: Magnetospheric response and reconfiguration times following IMF By reversals. J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 122, 417-431, doi:10.1002/2016JA023018.

Viljanen, A. and R. Pirjola, 2017: Influence of spatial variations of the geoelectric field on geomagnetically induced currents. J. Space Weather Space Clim., 2017, 7, A22, doi:10.1051/swsc/2017024.

Zhou, X.-Y., G. Haerendel, J.I. Moen, E. Trondsen, L. Clausen, R.J. Strangeway, B. Lybekk and D.A. Lorentzen, 2017: Shock aurora: Field-aligned discrete structures moving along the dawnside oval. J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 122, 3145-3162, doi:10.1002/2016JA022666.

If you are interested in studies related to the IMS period, see

Untiedt, J. and W. Baumjohann, 1993: Studies of polar current systems using the IMS Scandinavian magnetometer array. Space Sci. Rev., 63, 245-390.

It also includes an extensive list of references.

Updated: 9.10.2017 - AV